"On the Internet today, everybody knows you’re a dog."
- Jim Dwyer, New York Times, Nov 6, 2009


UPDATE: VIEW LEGAL FILINGS IN THE CASE OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK VS. RAPHAEL GOLB

Raphael Golb (left) is the son of Dead Sea Scroll scholar Dr. Norman Golb (Image courtesy NY Post
 
Raphael Golb (left) is the son of University of Chicago historian Dr. Norman Golb.
Image: Steven Hirsch/New York Post

available from: http://www.nypost.com/seven/03082009/photos/news014b.jpg


Who Is Charles Gadda?
www.who-is-charles-gadda.com

or

The Jerusalem Bobst Libraries Theory

compiled by

Dr. Robert R. Cargill


Thanx to all of you who have contributed items you have received from the various aliases. If you would like to contribute a link to this page, or if you have received emails or letters similar to the ones displayed here and would like to add them to this page, please contact: Robert R. Cargill at bob@bobcargill.com.

If you'd like to skip to the good parts, see the Introduction, Conclusion, Press, and Trial.


Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Who is Charles Gadda?
  3. The Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibitions
  4. History of the Campaign
    1. Beginnings of Campaign
    2. Multiplication of Sock Puppets
    3. Now Public
    4. Blogs
    5. Message Boards
    6. Emails
    7. Letters to Museums
    8. Letters to Media Outlets
  5. The Impersonation of Lawrence Schiffman
  6. Fighting Back
    1. Edited or Retracted Internet Items
  7. Wikipedia
    1. Wikipedia Aliases
    2. Using Literary Criticism to Catch an Alias
  8. Tracking and Linking the Aliases
    1. Methodology
    2. Tracking Tools
  9. Confirmed IP Addresses
    1. 69.86.34.90
    2. 128.122.88.28
    3. 128.122.88.131
    4. 128.122.89.50
    5. 128.122.89.83
    6. 128.122.89.93
    7. 128.122.89.191
    8. 216.165.95.64
  10. Confirmed Aliases
    1. Charles (Carlo) Gadda
    2. Jessica Friedman
    3. Paul Kessler
    4. Don Matthews aka DonMatthews52
    5. Steve Frankel
    6. Leonard Davies
    7. Martin Elderling
    8. Joshua Reznik
    9. Steve Blau
    10. Peter Kaufman
  11. Confirmed Wikipedia Aliases
    1. Critical Reader
    2. Ethical concern
    3. Harold Milton
    4. Phillip Kirby
    5. David Saunderfeld
    6. Jacob Stein
    7. Myriamyst
    8. Extratheologian
    9. Rachel Greenberg
  12. Suspected Aliases
    1. Raphael aka Raffa105
    2. Saul Kaplan
    3. David Kaplan
    4. Robert Dworkin
    5. Joanne Dahlberg
    6. Tanya Fischer
    7. prying1
    8. niki w
    9. Steven Fishbane
    10. Albert White
    11. Suzanne Shapiro
    12. Suzanne75
    13. View from Here
    14. Scrolls Student
    15. Jonathan Seidel
    16. Andrew Rosenberg
    17. Fish-Sniffer
    18. Emily Kaufman
    19. m.hollingsworth
    20. Blue Eyes
    21. Dead Sea Scrolls Fan
    22. Jeffery Samuels
    23. Jeffery Appelbaum
    24. Brad H.
    25. Loyola Memphis Blue
    26. Percy
    27. dwayne
    28. NYU grad student
    29. NYU teaching fellow
    30. Max E
    31. Richard Moss
    32. Sarah Epstein
    33. yale-grad
    34. Harold Libowich
    35. Harold Liebovich
    36. Tuesday Kuykendall
    37. P_Kaufman
    38. Susan_Stern
    39. H_Finnis
    40. Harold Finnis
    41. David Peterson
    42. biblicalraleigh
    43. plagiarist-schiffman
    44. larryschiffman
    45. Larry Schiffman
    46. David
    47. Krauss
    48. Morris
    49. it's a methodological issue
    50. no assumptions
    51. still not convinced
    52. We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
    53. biblicalnewyork
    54. Curators_Should_Do_Their_Homework
    55. Ignorant Gnostic
    56. Timothy Fishbane
    57. Jerome Cooper
    58. S. Edelstein
    59. Simon Adler
    60. David Hall
    61. Philip Schaff
    62. Robert Friedman
    63. uclaquotes
  13. Emails (with Headers)
    1. Email from alias Charles (Carlo) Gadda to UCLA Media Relations
    2. Email 1 from alias Steve Frankel to a Harvested ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup
    3. Email 2 from alias Steve Frankel to a Harvested ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup
    4. Email from alias Don Matthews to Eric Cline
    5. Email 1 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter
    6. Email 2 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter
    7. Email 3 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter
    8. Email from alias Charles Gadda to Jim West
    9. Letter from alias Robert Dworkin to SDNHM Board Member
    10. Email from alias Steve Frankel to Elizabeth Carter
    11. Email from alias Joshua Reznik to Elizabeth Carter
    12. Email from alias Steve Frankel to UCLA NELC Department
    13. Email from alias Lawrence Schiffman to Lawrence Schiffman's Graduate Students
    14. Email from alias Steven Fishbane to Larry Schiffman
    15. Email from alias David Kaplan to Tim Stowell
    16. Email from alias Jonathan Seidel to Risa Levitt Kohn
  14. Posted Items by Norman Golb
  15. Letters from Norman Golb
    1. Norman Golb's Letter to the San Diego Natural History Museum
    2. Norman Golb's Letter to the UCLA Provost
    3. Letter to the Editor of the National Review
  16. Conclusion
  17. Disclaimer
  18. The Arrest of Raphael Haim Golb
    1. Norman Golb's Responses to the Arrest of Raphael Golb
    2. Press about the Arrest of Raphael Golb
    3. The Charges against Raphael Golb
  19. Legal Filings in the Case of the People of the State of New York vs. Raphael Golb
  20. New Alias Activity After the Arrest of Raphael Golb
  21. Emails between Golb Family Members
  22. Pre-Trial News
    1. Golb's Initial Police Interview
  23. The Trial of Raphael Golb
  24. The Verdict: Who Is Charles Gadda?

Introduction

For the past two years, I have quietly and rigorously chronicled the activity of an unknown individual who has dedicated himself (or herself) to the criticism of the traveling Dead Sea Scrolls exhibition presently touring North America. The focus of this criticism surrounds the theories of Professor Norman Golb, who believes the Dead Sea Scrolls were not written at Qumran, but were the product of multiple libraries surrounding Jerusalem. Because this view is not widely accepted, this individual has undertaken a systematic campaign of promotion and defense of the academic views of Dr. Golb. In addition, this individual has perpetrated an unrelenting campaign of criticism, defamation, and accusation of scholars involved in the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions and other Dead Sea Scrolls scholars that accept a view of the scrolls that links them to a group of Jewish sectarians at Qumran.

I make no accusations on this page, and I draw no conclusions. In fact, I am under advisement not to do so. This page is nothing more than an accumulation of data surrounding a particular use of anonymous internet personalities and aliases dedicated to the propagation of Dr. Golb's views, and the criticism of all those who disagree. I have finally decided to organize this data here until I decide what to do with it next. Until such a time as this, please consider this page a work in progress...

Below is but some of the evidence I have logged. If you'd like, you may skip to the conclusion.

Shalom,

Robert R. Cargill, Ph.D.

Who is Charles Gadda?

The alias "Charles Gadda" is one of over 80 known anonymous internet aliases dedicated to the advocacy and defense of the academic theories of Dr. Norman Golb, the Ludwig Rosenberger Professor of Jewish History and Civilization at the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute. The puppet master behind alias "Charles Gadda" and the other aliases is engaged in a scorched earth campaign to criticize, libel, and defame scholars involved with the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls who do not accept the theories of Dr. Golb. Additionally, the puppet master has dedicated himself to an organized and systematic campaign of criticism of the traveling Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions presently touring North America. While the alias "Charles Gadda" was not the puppet master's first alias, he became the central alias due to his presence on the NowPublic web site.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibitions

The following is a list of Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions since 1993.

City Venue Date Web Page
Washington DC Library of Congress Apr 29 to Aug 1, 1993 http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/scrolls/
Charlotte, NC Discovery Place Feb 17 to May 29, 2006 http://www.wsoctv.com/news/5100529/detail.html
Kansas City, MO Union Station Feb 8 to May 13, 2007 http://www.unionstation.org/deadseascrolls/
Seattle, WA Pacific Science Center Sept 23, 2006 to Jan 7, 2007 http://www.pacsci.org/dss/
San Diego, CA San Diego Natural History Museum June 1007 to Jan 5, 2008 http://www.sdnhm.org/scrolls/index.html
Seoul, South Korea Memorial Hall Dec 5, 2007 to Jun 4, 2008 http://www.scrolls.co.kr/english/main.html
Raleigh, NC North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences Jun 28, 2008 to Jan 4, 2009 http://www.naturalsciences.org/exhibits/special_exhibits.html
New York City, NY The Jewish Museum Sep 21, 2008 - Jan 4, 2009 http://www.thejewishmuseum.org/exhibitions/DeadSeaScrolls
Toronto, Ontario, Canada Royal Ontario Museum Jun 27, 2009 to Jan 3, 2010 http://www.rom.on.ca/exhibitions/special/deadseascrolls.php

History of the Campaign

Beginnings of Campaign

The campaign began with a common internet alias used by an individual on multiple message boards and discussion lists. The alias was engaged in academic debates concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were discovered in caves near the site of Khirbet Qumran. The puppet master engaged in debates concerning the origin of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and regularly offered detailed and highly knowledgeable articulations of the theories of Dr. Golb, who argued in his book Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, that the Dead Sea Scrolls did not originate at Qumran, but from various libraries throughout Jerusalem. This theory challenged the traditional theory that argues that the scrolls were the product of Jewish sectarians living at Qumran. Dr. Golb's theories were discussed for a time by various scholars, but the academy largely rejected the theories of Dr. Golb, preferring the traditional Qumran-Essene theory.

Multiplication of Sock Puppets

Because few scholars accept Dr. Golb's views, debates on message boards and discussion groups often became rather one-sided, with the alias defending the views of Dr. Golb, while others argued for more widely accepted theories for the origin of the Dead Sea Scrolls. At some point, the puppet master began to create other aliases in order to create the illusion of a widespread support for Dr. Golb's views. The aliases often appeared immediately after one another on comments made by the original alias, and would often argue with the same vocabulary, grammar, style, and intimate knowledge of Dr. Golb's views. While this could be simply interpreted as two different individuals arguing on behalf of Dr. Golb, the evidence soon began to support the fact that one individual was logging in as multiple aliases in order to support Dr. Golb's ideas.

Now Public

The campaign to promote and defend the views of Dr. Golb reached a new level when alias "Charles Gadda" began to write items on the NowPublic web site. NowPublic is a hybrid news site where individuals can contribute "news items" as one would contribute posts to a blog. These news items are collected by editors and then used to populate the NowPublic home page, thus living up to their slogan, "crowd powered media." NowPublic offered the puppet master the advantage of having his "articles" picked up by Google News alerts. Thus, despite the bloggish nature of NowPublic's posts, they are passed on as legitimate news items on the internet.

Alias "Charles Gadda" began to utilize NowPublic as his central posting area. He then used emails, comments, and blogs to refer back to the "articles" he posted on NowPublic.

Below is a chart of the various NowPublic articles written by aliases "Charles Gadda" and "Peter Kaufman", followed by the date of the initial posting, the URL of the post, and the aliases mentioned by or commenting on the article:

Title Date URL Aliases Date Removed
Antisemitism and the Dead Sea Scrolls Feb 26, 2009 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/antisemitism-and-dead-sea-scrolls Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
Bernard Madoff client list includes David S. Gottesman Feb 5, 2009 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/bernard-madoff-client-list-includes-david-s-gottesman Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
Sarah Palin puts "pathetic bloggers" in their place Feb 5, 2009 http://www.nowpublic.com/world/sarah-palin-puts-pathetic-bloggers-their-place Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
North Carolina: Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit a "bust" Nov 12, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/north-carolina-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-bust Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
Sarah Palin's wardrobe "consultant": details emerge in McCain scandal Oct 24, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/style/sarah-palins-wardrobe-consultant-details-emerge-mccain-scandal Charles Gadda
Jeffery Samuels
Loyola Memphis Blue
Mar 6, 2009
Plagiarism and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Did NYU department chairman pilfer from Chicago historian’s work? Aug 4, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/world/plagiarism-and-dead-sea-scrolls-did-nyu-department-chairman-pilfer-chicago-historian-s-work Peter Kaufman
Charles Gadda
Mar 6, 2009
Dead Sea Scrolls coming to New York Jul 26, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/dead-sea-scrolls-coming-new-york Charles Gadda
View from Here
Mar 6, 2009
Full-page New York Times ad sneers at Jews Apr 5, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/full-page-new-york-times-ad-sneers-jews Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
Korean public gets to learn all about Dead Sea Scrolls Apr 5, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/korean-public-gets-learn-all-about-dead-sea-scrolls Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
3-D film dogged by "unwritten" story of misleading claims Mar 20, 2008 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/3-d-film-dogged-unwritten-story-misleading-claims Charles Gadda
Saul Kaplan
Mar 6, 2009
Charity fund involved in Dead Sea Scrolls conflict Dec 15, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/charity-fund-involved-dead-sea-scrolls-conflict Charles Gadda
Saul Kaplan
Mar 6, 2009
Jesus, Judas, and the Dead Sea Scrolls: peddling religious sensationalism
in America
Dec 10, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/jesus-judas-and-dead-sea-scrolls-peddling-religious-sensationalism-america Charles Gadda
Saul Kaplan
Mar 6, 2009
Did Christian agenda lead to biased Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit? Oct 5, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/did-christian-agenda-lead-biased-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit Charles Gadda Mar 6, 2009
Christian Fundamentalism and the Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego Apr 2, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/christian-fundamentalism-and-dead-sea-scrolls-san-diego Charles Gadda
Blue Eyes
m.hollingsworth
Dead Sea Scrolls Fan
Mar 6, 2009
Dead Sea Scrolls: "Qumran fortress" team responds to criticism Jul 19, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/dead-sea-scrolls-qumran-fortress-team-responds-criticism Charles Gadda
Blue Eyes
Mar 6, 2009
Warriors occupied Qumran? Scrolls battle continues Jul 17, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/warriors-occupied-qumran-scrolls-battle-continues Charles Gadda
Blue Eyes
Mar 6, 2009
Dead Sea Scrolls at San Diego Natural History Museum — an update Jul 9, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/dead-sea-scrolls-san-diego-natural-history-museum-update Charles Gadda
Blue Eyes
Mar 6, 2009
Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit misleads public? Jul 2, 2007 http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-misleads-public Charles Gadda
Saul Kaplan
Mar 6, 2009

Blogs

The puppet master has created a series of blogs in support of his NowPublic articles and letter writing campaign. The blogs offer another venue to promote and defend Dr. Golb's theories, and provide the added benefit of allowing the puppet master to harvest the IP addresses of those who happen to respond in the "Comments" section of the blogs. The known blog sites appear in chronological order below:

Blog Name Post Title URL Date Provider Alias
The Dead Sea Scrolls in Seattle and San Diego http://pacific-science-scrolls-scandal.blogspot.com Sep 15, 2006 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
The Dead Sea Scrolls in Seattle and San Diego Pacific Science Center exhibit misleads Seattle public http://pacific-science-scrolls-scandal.blogspot.com/2006/09/pacific-science-center-exhibit.html Sep 15, 2006 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
The Dead Sea Scrolls in Seattle and San Diego Chicago scholar attacks Seattle scrolls exhibit http://pacific-science-scrolls-scandal.blogspot.com/2007/01/chicago-scholar-attacks-seattle.html Jan 2, 2007 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
The Dead Sea Scrolls in Seattle and San Diego Curator of San Diego Exhibit responds to criticism http://pacific-science-scrolls-scandal.blogspot.com/2007/01/curator-of-san-diego-exhibit-responds.html Jan 11, 2007 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
The Dead Sea Scrolls in Seattle and San Diego San Diego exhibit also to mislead public http://pacific-science-scrolls-scandal.blogspot.com/2007/01/san-diego-exhibit-also-to-mislead.html Jan 14, 2007 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego http://scrolls-in-san-diego.blogspot.com/ Jan 16, 2007 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego Not one of 22 opponents of old theory invited to Museum lecture series http://scrolls-in-san-diego.blogspot.com/2007/01/not-one-of-22-opponents-of-old-theory_16.html Jan 16, 2007 Blogspot We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego http://museum-ethics.blogspot.com/ Jun 29, 2007 Blogspot Museum Ethics Controversy
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego Chronology of Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego http://museum-ethics.blogspot.com/2007/06/chronology-of-dead-sea-scrolls.html Jun 29, 2007 Blogspot Museum Ethics Controversy
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/ Jul 2, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit misleads public? (July 2, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-misleads-public-july-2-2007/ Jul 2, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego http://dead_sea_scrolls_controversy.sandiegoblogs.com/ Jul 9, 2007 Sandiegoblogs Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit misleads public? http://dead_sea_scrolls_controversy.sandiegoblogs.com/archives/000469.html Jul 9, 2007 Sandiegoblogs Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Dead Sea Scrolls at San Diego Natural History Museum — an update (July 10, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/dead-sea-scrolls-at-san-diego-natural-history-museum-—-an-update-july-10-2007/ Jul 10, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Warriors occupied Qumran? Scrolls battle continues (July 17, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/warriors-occupied-qumran-scrolls-battle-continues-july-17-2007/ Jul 17, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Dead Sea Scrolls: “Qumran fortress” team responds to criticism (July 19th, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/dead-sea-scrolls-qumran-fortress-team-responds-to-criticism-july-19th-2007/ Jul 19, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Christian fundamentalism and the Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego (August 2, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/christian-fundamentalism-and-the-dead-sea-scrolls-in-san-diego-august-2-2007/ Aug 2, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego Christian Fundamentalism and the Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego http://dead_sea_scrolls_controversy.sandiegoblogs.com/archives/000506.html Aug 31, 2007 Sandiegoblogs Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego http://museumethics.wordpress.com/ Sep 27, 2007 WordPress Museum Ethics
Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego Chronology of Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego http://museumethics.wordpress.com/2007/09/27/chronology-of-dead-sea-scrolls-controversy-in-san-diego/ Sep 27, 2007 WordPress Museum Ethics
Dead Sea Scrolls in San Diego Author responds to Dead Sea Scrolls criticism http://museumethics.wordpress.com/author-responds-to-dead-sea-scrolls-criticism/ Sep 27, 2007 WordPress Museum Ethics
Evidence Emerges of UCLA Professor's Ties with Evangelical Educational Institution   http://cached-holy-land.blogspot.com/ Oct 1, 2007 Blogger Museum Ethics Controversy
Evidence Emerges of UCLA Professor's Ties with Evangelical Educational Institution Did William Schniedewind serve on the board of advisors of the University of the Holy Land? http://cached-holy-land.blogspot.com/2007/10/did-william-schniedewind-serve-on-board.html Oct 1, 2007 Blogger Museum Ethics Controversy
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Did Christian agenda lead to biased Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit in San Diego? (October 6, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/did-christian-agenda-lead-to-biased-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-in-san-diego-october-6-2007/ Oct 6, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy in San Diego Did Christian agenda lead to biased Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit in San Diego? http://dead_sea_scrolls_controversy.sandiegoblogs.com/archives/000620.html Nov 22, 2007 Sandiegoblogs Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Jesus, Judas, and the Dead Sea Scrolls: peddling religious sensationalism in America (December 10, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/jesus-judas-and-the-dead-sea-scrolls-peddling-religious-sensationalism-in-america-dec-10-2007/ Dec 10, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego Charity fund, academic organizations involved in Dead Sea Scrolls conflict (December 16, 2007) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/charity-fund-academic-organizations-involved-in-dead-sea-scrolls-conflict/ Dec 16, 2007 WordPress Charles Gadda
Dead Sea Scrolls in Raleigh http://timothyfishbane.wordpress.com/ Jul 9, 2008 WordPress timothyfishbane
Dead Sea Scrolls in Raleigh Criticism follows scrolls exhibit to Raleigh http://timothyfishbane.wordpress.com/2008/07/09/scandal-criticism-follows-scrolls-exhibit-to-raleigh-info-and-links/ Jul 9, 2008 WordPress timothyfishbane
Dead Sea Scrolls in Raleigh Dead Sea Scrolls: “Distinguished Lecture Series” at Raleigh Museum http://timothyfishbane.wordpress.com/dead-sea-scrolls-distinguished-lecture-series-at-raleigh-museum/ Jul 11, 2008 WordPress timothyfishbane
Dead Sea Scrolls in Raleigh Update: the museum’s “Distinguished Lecture” series http://timothyfishbane.wordpress.com/2008/07/11/update-see-list-of-distinguished-lecturers-invited-to-speak-at-museum/ Jul 11, 2008 WordPress timothyfishbane
Robertdworkin's Weblog http://robertdworkin.wordpress.com/ Jul 12, 2008 WordPress Robert Dworkin
Robertdworkin's Weblog The Ethics of Exhibition: Romancing the Scrolls http://robertdworkin.wordpress.com/2008/07/12/the-ethics-of-exhibition-romancing-the-scrolls/ Jul 12, 2008 WordPress Robert Dworkin
Bart Ehrman and the Essenes in Raleigh http://biblicalraleigh.wordpress.com/ Jul 17, 2008 WordPress biblicalraleigh
Bart Ehrman and the Essenes in Raleigh UNC professor admits he’s “not a scrolls expert,” defends museum exhibit’s bias as legitimate; Jewish Museum in New York disagrees http://biblicalraleigh.wordpress.com/2008/07/17/unc-professor-admits-hes-not-a-scrolls-expert-defends-biased-museum-exhibit/ Jul 17, 2008 WordPress biblicalraleigh
Dead Sea Scrolls in New York http://biblicalnewyork.wordpress.com/ Jul 28, 2008 WordPress biblicalnewyork
Dead Sea Scrolls in New York New York’s Jewish Museum announces Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, sees lack of consensus on scrolls’ origins http://biblicalnewyork.wordpress.com/2008/07/28/new-yorks-jewish-museum-announces-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-recognizes-lack-of-consensus-on-scrolls-origins/ Jul 28, 2008 WordPress biblicalnewyork
The Dead Sea Scrolls controversy in San Diego New York’s Jewish Museum announces Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, takes opposite stance from San Diego museum (August 1, 2008) http://charlesgadda.wordpress.com/new-yorks-jewish-museum-announces-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-takes-opposite-stance-from-san-diego-museum/ Aug 1, 2008 WordPress Charles Gadda
Plagiarism and the Dead Sea Scrolls http://larryschiffman.wordpress.com/ Aug 3, 2008 WordPress larryschiffman
Plagiarism and the Dead Sea Scrolls Charges of impropriety resurface against New York University professor Lawrence Schiffman http://larryschiffman.wordpress.com/2008/08/03/charges-of-impropriety-surface-against-new-york-university-professor-lawrence-schiffman/ Aug 3, 2008 WordPress larryschiffman
Plagiarism: the Lawrence Schiffman case http://plagiarist-schiffman.blogspot.com/ Aug 7, 2008 Blogspot plagiarist-schiffman
Plagiarism: the Lawrence Schiffman case Did NYU department chair plagiarize Chicago historian's work? http://plagiarist-schiffman.blogspot.com/2008/08/succinct-summary-of-allegations-of.html Aug 7, 2008 Blogspot plagiarist-schiffman
Peter Kaufman's Blog http://peter2kaufman.wordpress.com Oct 31, 2008 WordPress peter2kaufman
Peter Kaufman's Blog Lawrence Schiffman’s dazzling Jewish Museum lecture http://peter2kaufman.wordpress.com/2008/10/31/lawrence-schiffmans-dazzling-jewish-museum-lecture/ Oct 31, 2008 WordPress peter2kaufman
Michael Hager Defends Embattled Curator http://michaelhagerspeaks.wordpress.com/ Nov 23, 2008 WordPress michaelhagerspeaks
Michael Hager Defends Embattled Curator San Diego Natural History Museum director lashes out at exhibit critics http://michaelhagerspeaks.wordpress.com/2008/11/23/san-diego-natural-history-museum-director-lashes-out-at-exhibit-critics/ Nov 23, 2008 WordPress michaelhagerspeaks
Selected quotes from Wikipedia writings of Robert Cargill, Ph.D. http://uclaquotes.wordpress.com/ Feb 14, 2009 WordPress uclaquotes
Selected quotes from Wikipedia writings of Robert Cargill, Ph.D. Graduate of Pepperdine and UCLA exposes Dead Sea Scrolls blogger scandal http://uclaquotes.wordpress.com/2009/02/14/graduate-of-pepperdine-and-ucla-exposes-dead-sea-scrolls-blogger-scandal/ Feb 14, 2009 WordPress uclaquotes

Message Boards

The puppet master continued his attacks against all who opposed the views of Norman Golb by promoting his efforts on the NowPublic site through paralleling the arguments on a number of message board sites. A list of the message boards and relevant posts are listed below.

Board Alias String URL Date Comments
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Profile Page http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/member.php?u=34264 This is alias Charles Gadda's IIDB/FRDB profile page.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Lost Tomb of Jesus and Essene Toilet Hoax http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=199716 Mar 11, 2007
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Virtual Qumran http://www.iidb.org/vbb/showthread.php?p=4578265 Jun 19, 2007
Free Republic Charles Gadda Dead Sea Scrolls at the San Diego Natural History Museum: the Christian fundamentalist connection http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-religion/1876910/posts Aug 3, 2007 This post links readers to alias “Charles Gadda's” NowPublic story. It is an attempt to spread the story in to the Free Republic boards.
Free Republic Charles Gadda Stephen Spielberg Holocaust foundation gives $100,000 for biased Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-religion/1881083/posts Aug 14, 2007 This post links readers to alias “Charles Gadda's” NowPublic story. It is an attempt to spread the story in to the Free Republic boards.
Free Republic Charles Gadda http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/by:charlesgadda/index?tab=comments;brevity=full;options=no-change This is a log of everything alias “Charles Gadda” has ever said on Free Republic.
Discarded Lies Paul Kessler
Charles Gadda
Christian Fundamentalists Push Jewish Scholars Out of Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit http://discardedlies.com/entry/?33674 Sep 23, 2007 This string links to the NowPublic story by alias “Charles Gadda”.
Discarded Lies Paul Kessler
Charles Gadda
Did Christian Agenda Skew Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit? http://discardedlies.com/entry/?34080 Oct 7, 2007 This string links to the NowPublic story by alias “Charles Gadda”.
Democratic Underground View from Here Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit controversy continues in San Diego http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=show_mesg&forum=228&topic_id=36047&mesg_id=36047 Nov 19, 2007 This post attempts to discus alias “Charles Gadda's” NowPublic article and links to Dr. Norman Golb’s OI DSS articles here and here. “Ronda” is an alias of alias “Charles Gadda”.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Jesus, Judas, and the DSS http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=231139 Dec 11, 2007
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Article on SBL, ASOR http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=231889 Dec 16, 2007
Discarded Lies Paul Kessler
Charles Gadda
Charity fund, ASOR, SBL implicated in Dead Sea Scrolls scandal http://discardedlies.com/entry/?36428 Dec 20, 2007 This string links to the NowPublic story by alias “Charles Gadda”.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Bible scholar at UCLA also teaches at "University of the Holy Land"? http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=238881 Mar 9, 2008 This string is a link to “Charles Gadda’s” NowPublic story and is an attempt to create discussion within the IIDB boards.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Virtual Qumran: the "unwritten" version http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=239497 Mar 18, 2008 This string is a reformatted copy of a NowPublic story by alias “Charles Gadda's” entitled 3-D film dogged by "unwritten" story of misleading claims and is an attempt to create discussion within the IIDB boards.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Korean public gets to learn all about the Dead Sea Scrolls http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=240579 Apr 2, 2008 This string is a link to alias “Charles Gadda's” NowPublic story and is an attempt to create discussion within the IIDB boards.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Evangelical scholar suspended from Seminary for scholarship http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=240770 Apr 4, 2008 This string was begun by a moderator. Comments made by alias “Charles Gadda” linked to his NowPublic article and attempted to link this string to William Schniedewind.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Charles Gadda attacks the SBL split from SBL did not accept Malachi's paper http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=241630 Apr 15, 2008 This string was split from another string. Alias “Charles Gadda” had begun criticizing the SBL.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Defenders of Qumran-Essene theory attack Jewish Museum exhibit reviews MERGED http://www.freeratio.org/showthread.php?t=255308 Oct 2008 This message board shows alias “Charles Gadda” criticizing Robert Cargill and Stephen Goranson.
IIDB/FRDB Charles Gadda Antisemitism and the Dead Sea Scrolls http://www.freeratio.org/showthread.php?t=255308 Oct 2008 This post alerts FRMB readers to alias “Charles Gadda's most recent NowPublic article entitled Antisemitism and the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Democratic Underground View from Here Charges of ethical misconduct at Society of Biblical Literature, ASOR http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=214x160056 This post links to a NowPublic article by alias “Charles Gadda” and is posted by “View from Here,” which makes mention of the views expressed on the “View from Number 80” blog.
ANE-2 Paul Kessler Qumran Controversy http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/8002 This posting in the ANE-2 Yahoo group is by alias “Paul Kessler” and links to the argument between alias “Charles Gadda” and other IIDB members (including Jeffrey Gibson).

Emails

In addition to making comments on news items, the puppet master used aliases to initiate and propagate a series of anonymous email campaigns designed to discredit and disparage scholars involved in the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions. These emails were sent to scholars, university faculties, museum boards of directors, and various journalists and news organizations as demonstrated below. This is an ongoing campaign; the aliases are presently saturating the Toronto area with emails ahead of the arrival of the Dead Sea Scrolls at the Royal Ontario Museum.

Letters to Museums

In addition to making comments on news items and sending emails, a number of typed letters were sent to each of the museums that hosted the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions. The letters were similar in substance, grammar, and vocabulary to several of the NowPublic postings made by alias "Charles Gadda" and Norman Golb on the Oriental Institute web site. Each of the letters were mass mailed to each of the members of the museum board of directors and administrators. The letters criticized the exhibition primarily for not inviting Dr. Golb to speak as a part of the "Distinguished Lecturer Series", and for their 'one-sided approach' in their portrayal of the scrolls. Effectively, the letters cited several posts by Dr. Golb and alias "Charles Gadda", and accused the museums of presenting exhibitions that did not take into consideration Dr. Golb's claims. This phenomenon has occurred at every museum exhibiting the Dead Sea Scrolls dating back to as early as the Seattle exhibition.

Letters to Media Outlets

The puppet master's campaign reached full force when he began to write letters to various journalists, freelance writers, and media outlets touting the "controversy". Building on previous NowPublic posts, blogs, local newspaper stories, and the timely posts of Dr. Norman Golb, the puppet master began to write letters to media outlets encouraging them to investigate the controversy surrounding the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibition that was soon coming to their local community. Many of these journalists ran stories that were largely informed by the writings of Dr. Golb and alias “Charles Gadda”. Once published, the local stories were touted by alias “Charles Gadda” in his subsequent posts. This process continued in every town usually until someone pointed out to the media organization publishing the story that it had become the victim of a media manipulation scheme perpetuated by the puppet master. Many media outlets responded by pulling their online stories or redaction portions of them (see Edited or Retracted Internet Items).

The Impersonation of Lawrence Schiffman

At some point, the puppet master began to adopt the names of known scholars and university alumni as aliases. The puppet master adopted several versions of the name of NYU Professor of Lawrence H. Schiffman, including , "larryschiffman", "Larry Schiffman", and "plagiarist-schiffman". The puppet master then used alias Peter Kaufman to create a NowPublic site entitled Plagiarism and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Did NYU department chairman pilfer from Chicago historian’s work? on Aug 4, 2008. The site oddly accused NYU Professor Lawrence Schiffman of plagiarizing from Norman Golb's work, despite the fact that the two completely disagree on the origin of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Creating the NowPublic site was not enough. The puppet master then emailed Larry Schiffman from email steven.fishbane@gmail.com drawing Dr. Schiffman's attention to alias "Peter Kaufman's" Now Public story and attempting to bait him into responding. When Dr. Schiffman did not respond, the puppet master tried another tactic. The puppet master created the gmail account larry.schiffman@gmail.com and emailed Dr. Schiffman's graduate students, pretending to be Dr. Schiffman. The email pointed out alias "Peter Kaufman's" Now Public story, and asked his four graduate assistants "not to mention the name of the scholar in question to any of our students, and every effort must be made to prevent this article from coming to their attention". Once the graduate students pointed out the suspicious email to Dr. Schiffman, Dr. Schiffman reported the matter to NYU officials.

Fighting Back

As more and more scholars, universities, museums, and organizations were attacked by the puppet master and his aliases, several individuals began to track the campaign. (This how I came to begin tracking the puppet master and the aliases.)

Edited or Retracted Internet Items

As media outlets, bloggers, and journalists were made aware of the puppet master's campaign, several entities (often prompted by letters from scholars, lawyers, or both) began to retract their posts on the internet.


Wikipedia

The puppet master attempted to infiltrate several articles on Wikipedia in order to promote his campaign. Since Wikipedia is a popular reference site for members of the public to learn about just about anything, the puppet master began to edit several articles pertaining to the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions. These articles include the Dead Sea Scrolls, Qumran, Norman Golb, and the San Diego Natural History Museum. Additionally, the puppet master attempted to spread his arguments on the pages of scholars involved in the exhibitions, including UCLA professor William Schniedewind (and his talk page), and even my personal user page, IsraelXKV8R and my talk page.

However, Wikipedia has very strict regulations against sock puppetry and meat puppetry. As a part of the appeals process, several administrators with the power to check the IP addresses of users (a power unavailable to non-admins) began to check the IP addresses of the suspected sock puppets of the puppet master. Once the Wikipedia administrators confirmed that the same IP addresses were being used to sign in as multiple aliases and to promote and defend the views of Norman Golb, and to defame and criticize scholars with opposing views and those Wikipedia users who contested the actions of the puppet master's aliases, the Wikipedia administrators banned the aliases from participation on Wikipedia.

Wikipedia Aliases

Over the course of their investigation (ticket #2007112710018004), wikipedia administrators determined that in addition to the aliases the puppet master used on the internet, the puppet master created a number of aliases for explicit use on Wikipedia. Many of the aliases were deleted by the puppet master in an attempt to cover his tracks, while others were later deleted by wikipedia. However, since Wikipedia preserves everything ever entered in its pages, records of these aliases remain. These aliases include:

  1. "Critical Reader" User_talk:Critical_Reader (created Oct. 5, 2006)
  2. "Ethical concern" User_talk:Ethical_Concern (created 10:30, Aug. 1, 2007)
  3. "Harold Milton" User_talk:Harold_Milton (created 21:32, Nov. 16, 2007)
  4. "Phillip Kirby" User_talk:Phillip_Kirby (created 14:12, Nov. 19, 2007)
  5. "David Saunderfeld" User_talk:David_Saunderfeld (created 19:02, Nov. 21, 2007)
  6. "Jacob Stein" User_talk:Jacob_Stein (created 10:10, Nov. 24, 2007)
  7. "Myriamyst" User_talk:Myriamyst (created 20:39, Nov. 29, 2007)
  8. "Extratheologian" User_talk:Extratheologian (created 12:48, November 29, 2007)
  9. "Rachel.Greenberg" User_talk:Rachel.Greenberg (created 12:22, February 9, 2009)

Using Literary Criticism to Catch an Alias

In addition to the use of IP addresses to confirm some of the puppet master's Wikipedia aliases, literary criticism was employed to demonstrate that alias "Rachel.Greenberg" was an alias of alias "Charles Gadda". As a part of a sock puppetry investigation, the following evidence was presented to the Wikipedia administrators.

update - just in case you need more proof, here's more from today:

if you needed any further evidence that rachel.greenberg is a sock puppet of critical reader, who in turn is a sock puppet for 'charles gadda' and his pro-golb/scorched earth/manufacture and stir controversy/smear all scholars that disagree with golb campaign, look no further. just above, rachel.greenberg said he was quoting an article from the jewish museum. just above, rachel.greenberg quotes the article as such (i cut-and-pasted it as he wrote it):

Scholars have two basic theories about who used the scrolls. The first posits that the scrolls all belonged to a single religious sect [living] at the settlement of Qumran. Most scholars identify this group as the Essenes ... although other groups such as the Sadducees and even proto-Christians have been proposed.

when we actually follow the link and go to the jewish museum page that rachel.greenberg offers above, we find that very paragraph. it reads as follows (again, i cut-and-pasted it):

Scholars have two basic theories about who used the scrolls. The first posits that the scrolls all belonged to a single religious sect that probably lived at the settlement of Qumran. Most scholars identify this group as the Essenes described in the writings of ancient historians, although other groups such as the Sadducees and even proto-Christians have been proposed.

when we compare the two quotes, we notice three distinct differences.

  • third, in rachel.greenberg's blockquote, a portion of the text is eliminated, and an ellipsis is put in it's place between the words 'essenes' and 'although'. however, the actual quote from the jewish museum page has the words, 'described in the writings of ancient historians' included in the text, which rachel.greenberg replaced with an ellipsis.

therefore, rachel.greenberg put the words 'two basic theories' in bold, replaced the words 'that probably lived' with the bracketed word 'living', and replaced the words 'described in the writings of ancient historians' with an ellipsis. this is quite interesting, given the fact that i've seen this exact same edit before. but it is not on the jewish museum page, it's on 'charles gadda's' article on the new york exhibit. there you will notice the exact same edits: the same words are put in bold, the same word 'living' replaces the words 'that probably lived,' and the same phrase 'described in the writings of ancient historians' is replaced by an ellipsis. 'charles gadda's' article reads as follows (again, i have cut-and-pasted it):

Scholars have two basic theories about who used the scrolls. The first posits that the scrolls all belonged to a single religious sect [living] at the settlement of Qumran. Most scholars identify this group as the Essenes ... although other groups such as the Sadducees and even proto-Christians have been proposed.

thus, this is pretty basic literary-critical evidence that rachel.greenberg is not just some random nyu student with an amateur interest in the dead sea scrolls, but is being directly informed by the work of 'charles gadda', who has already been confirmed as the puppet master behind confirmed sock puppet critical reader.

Tracking and Linking the Aliases

Methodology

The methodology used to track and link the aliases is straightforward. Because the puppet master used the same aliases in multiple formats (i.e., email, written letters, blog posts, etc.), it was possible to compare the names and IP addresses to those used by other aliases. A strong case can be made by examining the posts, emails, and letters as literature. Written items that possess the same subject matter, make the same argument of defense, possess intimate knowledge of the argument, use the same language and vocabulary, employ the same grammatical tendencies and punctuation (use of double or emasculated dashes, e.g. vs. i.e., [brackets], paragraph spacing and numbering, etc.), argue with the same litigious fervor, link to the same documents (posts by alias "Charles Gadda" and Norman Golb), possess a knowledge of every media item of discussing the controversy (especially those that discuss or favor Norman Golb), and claim authorship by an author employing a "first_last" name structure of a traditionally Jewish sounding name all suggest that the aliases can be linked together with some degree of certainty. However, those items that can be traced to an IP address can be said to be definitely linked together by hard evidence.

An IP address is a number that is unique to every computer used on a given network. These IP addresses accompany every internet post made, email sent, or web page viewed. While the puppet master has gotten better at disguising his IP addresses today, he seems to have been unaware of IP addresses early in his campaign. If two emails discussing the same subject matter from the same point of view and linking to the same articles by alias "Charles Gadda" and Norman Golb are sent from two different email accounts, but from the same unique IP address, and often within a few minutes of each other, then there is hard evidence suggesting that the same individual employed two different aliases and email accounts. This is done to create the illusion that several people are promoting and defending the argument or ideology, when in reality, there is only one person responsible for all of the aliases. This tactic is also employed by individuals who want to remain anonymous perhaps due to the fact that were it known that he or she was promoting his or her own views or those of a relative, it would be interpreted as shameless self-promotion. Additionally, because many of the posted items are vicious or attacking in nature, and many attack their victims in a personal, libelous, defaming, anti-religious, unprofessional, and perhaps illegal manner, the exposure of the individual behind the aliases may lead to numerous law suits and legal proceedings.

Tracking Tools

Three tools available online were used to trace the IP addresses used by the puppet master.

  1. What Is My IP Address.com
  2. DNS Stuff.com TraceRoute tool
  3. Find IP Address.org
  4. Wikipedia's CheckUser tool (available to Wikipedia administrators as a part of their anti-sock puppet prevention campaign)

The results were confirmed against a map of the NYU Bobst Library indicating the location of the 24-hour "Productivity" computing lab. The Bobst Library is located here.

Confirmed IP Addresses

The following IP addresses have been confirmed by multiple methods to have been used by the puppet master in his campaign against those scholars who happen to disagree with the views of Norman Golb. The IP addresses are listed and linked to a "traceroute" utility that actually maps the IP address to a physical address. As you will note, many of the IP addresses were used by multiple aliases, and all of the IP addresses trace to within a block from the NYU Bobst Library, if not from inside it.

69.86.34.90

69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)

  • This is the only IP address used that does not trace back to NYU. It has been traced to an address a few blocks from the university. Because it was the first alias used by the puppet master, it is believed that this alias is the puppet master's home or work computer. The residential Mindspring cable modem high speed service that services the IP address supports this conclusion.
  • This IP address was uses by alias "Charles Gadda" to email the UCLA Media Relations department.
  • This IP address was uses by alias "Charles Gadda" to leave comments on a blog site of Dr. Jim West.
  • This IP address was used by alias "J.Friedman" to post to a post on the First Followers blog entitled Carbon dating of linen shrouds; different periods...? on Dec 1, 2007. The blog posts IP address information in the source code. The source code reads as follows (cf. image):
 <UserAgent>Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)</UserAgent> 
 <RemoteHost>127.0.0.1</RemoteHost> 
 <RemoteAddr>127.0.0.1</RemoteAddr> 
 <ForwardedFor>69.86.34.90</ForwardedFor> 
 </RemoteInfo>
 </ItemProperties>
  • This IP address was used by alias "Paul Kessler" to post messages signed in the ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroups as confirmed by ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup administrators.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Don Matthews" to post comments to a Korea Times story on Dec. 4, 2007. The IP address 69.86.34.90 was listed next to the comment. The original Korea Times article has since been removed, along with its comments, and replaced by its archived copy.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Leonard Davies" to post comments on Jim West’s blog story about Norman Golb’s review of Robert Cargill’s film, Ancient Qumran: A Virtual Reality Tour. The comments are posted within 5 minutes of the posting of Norman Golb's review, and are nearly identical to the comments made on Chris Heard’s blog by alias “Martin Elderling”.
  • This IP address was used by alias “Martin Elderling” to post comments on Jim West’s blog story about Norman Golb’s review of Robert Cargill’s film, Ancient Qumran: A Virtual Reality Tour. The comments are posted within 5 minutes of the posting of Norman Golb's review, and are nearly identical to the comments made on Chris Heard’s blog by alias "Leonard Davies".

128.122.88.28

128.122.88.28 (=productivity-17.bobst.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to the NYU Bobst Library. Specifically, it points to a computer in the 24-hour "Productivity" computer lab at the NYU Bobst Library.
  • This IP address was confirmed by Wikipedia administrators.

128.122.88.131

128.122.88.131 (= respc3.bobst.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to the NYU Bobst Library.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Frankel" to send an email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Frankel" to email the ANE-2 group

128.122.89.50

128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to the NYU Bobst Library. Specifically, it points to a computer in the 24-hour "Productivity" computer lab at the NYU Bobst Library.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Don Matthews" to send an email to University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Professor Jodi Magness d_matthews52@yahoo.com.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Don Matthews" to send an email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline from email address d_matthews52@yahoo.com.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Joshua Reznik to send an email from joshua.reznick@yahoo.com to the faculty of the UCLA NELC Dept. The contents of the email were nearly identical to an email sent by alias “Steve Frankel” from the same IP address 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu).
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Blau" to email the ANE-2 Newsgroup from blau.steve@yahoo.com as confirmed by the ANE-2 Yahoo Newsgroup from as confirmed by the group administrators.

128.122.89.83

128.122.89.83 (= imac03-bobst-a.pubterm.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to the NYU Bobst Library.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Frankel" to email the ANE-2 group.

128.122.89.93

128.122.89.93 (= static2.bobst.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to the NYU Bobst Library.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Frankel" to send an email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline.

128.122.89.191

128.122.89.191 (=imac24-bobst-a.pubterm.nyu.edu)

216.165.95.64

216.165.95.64 (=nyufga-nyupriv-01.natpool.nyu.edu)

  • This IP address traces back to NYU.
  • This IP address was confirmed by Wikipedia administrators.
  • This IP address was used by alias "Steve Blau" to post to the ANE-2 Yahoo Newsgroup from as confirmed by the group administrators.

Confirmed Aliases

The following is a list of confirmed aliases. The aliases have been traced by IP addresses taken from emails, blog posts, or administrators of web sites, and have been cross-linked against an IP address used by at least one other alias.

Charles (Carlo) Gadda

Email: carlogadda@yahoo.com
IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

  • This alias left comments on a post on Jim West's blog. Jim West did not approve the comment, but confirmed that the comments stated the following:
A new comment on the post #2271 "Qumran: Warrior Central?" is waiting for your approval
http://drjimwest.wordpress.com/2007/07/24/qumran-warrior-central/

Author : Charles Gadda (IP: 69.86.34.90 , user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
E-mail : carlogadda@yahoo.com

Comment:
This is nonsense, Jim, and you know it--you should not feel good about taking sides on this issue and censoring one side of the story instead of allowing free and open discussion. My Nowpublic response to Cargill exposes the weedling, mendacious nature of his posting--it should have appeared here.
  • This alias sent an email to Jim West from IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com).
  • This alias sent an email from address carlogadda@yahoo.com to the UCLA Media Relations department. The email was signed by alias "Charles Gadda". The email traces to IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com) utilized by subsequent aliases. A firewall has since been installed at this IP address.
  • This alias made a peculiar defense of Norman Golb's critique of Robert Cargill's unpublished script on the "Free thought and Rationalism discussion board", invoking the principle of "fair use", and arguing that the script was, in fact, "published" because it was read aloud daily. This alias argues:
"Unless I'm unaware of something, there wouldn't appear to be any copyright violation here at all, since one can only presume that Golb, by the basic principle of fair use, was perfectly entitled to cite the script to discuss the claims that were being read out loud to some 450,000 people at a six-million-dollar museum exhibit, as well as the ethics of that exhibit itself. (Incidentally, what enables you to say this script was "unfinished," when it was being read aloud every day to all those people? And if there are certain things that Robert is careful "never to write down," how could he ever truly "finish" the script?)"


The alias fails to note that Norman Golb never saw the movie (and was therefore quoting from the unpublished script), and makes distinct reference to a marginal note that was never read to the audience. Thus, the review was indeed of the unpublished script (and not the movie), and cited portions of the script that were inherently not designed to be "published" in any sense - written or verbal. (For an archived transcription of the exchange, see here.)

Jessica Friedman

Email: J.Friedman47@gmail.com
IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

 <UserAgent>Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)</UserAgent> 
 <RemoteHost>127.0.0.1</RemoteHost> 
 <RemoteAddr>127.0.0.1</RemoteAddr> 
 <ForwardedFor>69.86.34.90</ForwardedFor> 
 </RemoteInfo>
 </ItemProperties>

Paul Kessler

Email: kessler_paul@yahoo.com
IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

 
  • This alias created strings on the “Discarded Lies” message boards here and here and here. On these strings, alias “Paul Kessler” posted links to several of alias “Charles Gadda’s” NowPublic articles, and posted multiple comments consistent with alias “Charles Gadda”.
  • This alias posted messages in the ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroups from IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com) as confirmed by ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup administrators.
  • After being banished from the ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup, this alias harvested the email list of the group and sent an email to the harvested list. The email was sent from kessler_paul@yahoo.com and was sent from IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com).

Don Matthews aka DonMatthews52

Email: d_matthews52@yahoo.com
IP address: 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu)
IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

  • This alias was used to post comments to this Korea Times story on Dec. 4, 2007. The IP address was listed next to the comment. This IP address matches the IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com) previously identified with alias “Charles Gadda’s” posts and emails. The Korea Times article has since been removed.
  • This alias was also used in an email to University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Professor Jodi Magness d_matthews52@yahoo.com 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu).
  • This alias was also used to send an email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline from email address d_matthews52@yahoo.com from IP address 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu).

Steve Frankel

Email: frankel.steve@yahoo.com
Email: steve.frankel2@gmail.com
IP address: 128.122.88.131 (= respc3.bobst.nyu.edu)
IP address: 128.122.89.93 (= static2.bobst.nyu.edu)
IP address: 128.122.89.83 (= imac03-bobst-a.pubterm.nyu.edu)
Activity:

  • This alias claimed to be a UCLA alumnus and emailed letters to faculty of the UCLA NELC Dept. on two occasions (here and here) from email addresses frankel.steve@yahoo.com and steve.frankel2@gmail.com arguing that Robert Cargill’s dissertation prospectus be rejected.
  • This alias was also used to send an email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline IP address 128.122.88.131 (= respc3.bobst.nyu.edu).
  • This alias was used again to email to George Washington University Professor Eric Cline from a different IP address 128.122.89.93 (= static2.bobst.nyu.edu).
  • This alias was used again to email the ANE-2 group from IP address 128.122.89.83 (= imac03-bobst-a.pubterm.nyu.edu).
  • This alias was used again to email the ANE-2 group from IP address 128.122.88.131 (= respc3.bobst.nyu.edu).

Leonard Davies

IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

  • This alias posted comments on Jim West’s blog story about Norman Golb’s review of Robert Cargill’s film, Ancient Qumran: A Virtual Reality Tour. The comments are posted from IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com) within 5 minutes of the posting of Norman Golb's review, and are nearly identical to the comments made on Chris Heard’s blog by alias “Martin Elderling” from the same IP address 69.86.34.90.

Martin Elderling

IP address: 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com)
Activity:

  • This alias posted comments on an article entitled "Seen at the SBL" on Chris Heard’s Higgaion blog moments after Dr. Norman Golb posted his review of Robert Cargill’s movie script to the Oriental Institute’s website. Chris Heard confirmed the IP address as 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com), which is identical to an IP address used by alias “Charles Gadda”. These comments were left at nearly the same time and are identical to comments left at Jim West's blog, who confirmed the same IP address 69.86.34.90 (= user-12lc8iq.cable.mindspring.com), but using a different alias "Leonard Davies".
  • This alias also made comments on an article here, which were critical of the NC DSS exhibit and Bart Ehrman.

Joshua Reznik

Email: joshua.reznick@yahoo.com
IP address: 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu.)
Activity:

  • This alias sent an email from joshua.reznick@yahoo.com to UCLA NELC department chair Elizabeth Carter rambling about the Ancient Qumran movie that Robert Cargill created. This alias sent another email from joshua.reznick@yahoo.com to the faculty of the UCLA NELC Dept. The contents of the email were nearly identical to an email sent by alias “Steve Frankel” from the same IP address 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu).

Steve Blau

Email: blau.steve@yahoo.com
IP address: 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu.)
Activity:

  • This alias was used to email the ANE-2 news group from blau.steve@yahoo.com from IP address 128.122.89.50 (= productivity-4.bobst.nyu.edu.)
  • This alias made second post to the ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup from IP address 216.165.95.64 (= nyufga-nyupriv-01.natpool.nyu.edu).

Peter Kaufman

IP address: NowPublic
Activity:

Confirmed Wikipedia Aliases

Critical Reader

"Critical Reader" User_talk:Critical_Reader (created Oct. 5, 2006)

This alias was used to edit the contents of many Wikipedia pages related to Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Additionally, this alias made lengthy arguments on behalf of the views of Norman Golb on pages including Qumran, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Norman Golb, William Schniedewind, Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ancient Qumran: A Virtual Reality Tour, the San Diego Natural History Museum, my IsraelXKV8R talk page. The alias was confirmed as a sock puppet of alias "Charles Gadda" and banished from Wikipedia.

Ethical concern

"Ethical concern" User_talk:Ethical_concern (created 10:30, Aug. 1, 2007)

Harold Milton

"Harold Milton" User_talk:Harold_Milton (created 21:32, Nov. 16, 2007)

Phillip Kirby

"Phillip Kirby" User_talk:Phillip_Kirby (created 14:12, Nov. 19, 2007)

David Saunderfeld

"David Saunderfeld" User_talk:David_Saunderfeld (created 19:02, Nov. 21, 2007)

Jacob Stein

"Jacob Stein" User_talk:Jacob_Stein (created 10:10, Nov. 24, 2007)

Myriamyst

"Myriamyst" User_talk:Myriamyst (created 20:39, Nov. 29, 2007)

Extratheologian

"Extratheologian" User_talk:Extratheologian (created 12:48, November 29, 2007)

Rachel Greenberg

"Rachel.Greenberg" User_talk:Rachel.Greenberg (created 12:22, February 9, 2009)

IP address: 216.165.95.64 (=nyufga-nyupriv-01.natpool.nyu.edu)
IP address: 128.122.89.191 (=imac24-bobst-a.pubterm.nyu.edu)
Activity:

Suspected Aliases

Raphael aka Raffa105

Email: raffa105@yahoo.com
Email: raphael.g@...
Comment: This alias is the earliest known alias used. It appears with the Seattle DSS exhibition and argues for a "scientific" or "neutral" exhibition.
Comment: SEE NOTE ON THE MAR. 5, 2009 ARREST OF RAPHAEL HAIM GOLB
Activity:
Norman Golb, Professor of Jewish History and Civilization at the University of Chicago and author of Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls? (Scribner, 1995), will speak on
"The Dead Sea Scrolls Controversy : How it Happened and Where it Stands Today".
This lecture, by a world-renowned historian, will be open to the public, illustrated by slides, and will take place on Tuesday, March 28, 2006 at 6 PM in the Low Memorial Library, Faculty Room, Columbia University, 116th Street & Broadway. There is no charge for admission and a reception will follow the lecture.

Saul Kaplan

Comment: This alias is a registered NowPublic single purpose alias whose only activity has been comments that praise articles posted by alias “Charles Gadda”.
Activity:

David Kaplan

Email: david88kaplan@gmail.com
Activity:

Robert Dworkin

Email: robertdworkin@gmail.com
Activity:

Dear Professor Cline,

I write to call your attention to an article I just read that raises a number of disturbing questions concerning an exhibition of the Dead Sea Scrolls taking place in San Diego.

http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/did-christian-agenda-lead-biased-dead-sea-scrolls-exhibit-san-diego

Best,

Robert Dworkin


  • This alias sent an email to George washington University Professor Eric Cline on Dec 6, 2007 from email address robertdworkin@gmail.com. The message read:
Dear Professor Cline,

I have come across a somewhat disturbing exchange, concerning a number of lectures given by Dr. Jodi Magness at the SBL and ASOR meetings. You can see the exchange here: http://neonostalgia.com/weblog/?p=371#comments.

As you will see, it is being alleged that Dr. Magness was invited by both SBL and ASOR to give lectures on the "Current State of Qumran Archaeology" without any of her archaeological opponents being invited to respond to her in either venue; that this amounted to an endorsement of a particular, and controversial, point of view by the planners of the two conferences; and that this joint action was apparently instigated, at least in part, by the directors of a foundation that has financial control over ASOR.

Since you are a prominent figure at ASOR and were present at one of the sessions at which Dr. Magness spoke, I am wondering if you would mind taking a moment to briefly respond to the allegations. Despite the appearances, I myself find it hard to believe that the directors of ASOR and SBL would intentionally take sides in a scientific debate by excluding one point of view while prominently featuring the other. When arranging the plenary session, did ASOR know that Dr. Magness would be delivering the same lecture at SBL, and that there too her opponents would not be invited? Which committee at ASOR arranged for Dr. Magness' lecture, and what motivated the decision to have her speak without inviting any of the scholars who have rejected her views?

With best wishes,

Robert Dworkin


Joanne Dahlberg

Activity:

Tanya Fischer

Activity:

prying1

Activity:

niki w

Activity:

Steven Fishbane

Email: steven.fishbane@gmail.com
Activity:

  • This alias emailed New York University Professor Lawrence Schiffman in an attempt to bait him into responding to a NowPublic post by alias Peter Kaufman.

Albert White

Activity:

I'm amazed the editors agreed to censor this article, responding to spurious, undemonstrable claims based on some wikipedia squabble that didn't even concern the author in question.

The classic tactic of people engaged in a smear campaign: use sockpuppet aliases, and accuse your victims of doing the same thing.

That traditional "Qumran-Essene" scrolls scholars and their graduate students would resort to such phony tactics to try and discredit a point of view they disagree with, says a lot about current academic standards in this area.

"Raphael" and "Joel" happen to be the names of family relations of Hebrew manuscripts scholar Norman Golb, who are active professionals with their own jobs and lives. The smear campaign against a distinguished Jewish historian and his family thus continues, right here on this site, while the third-rate scholar who plagiarized Golb has been honored with an invitation to lecture at the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit.

by Albert White

 

  • It is suspected that he is the one behind emails to several New York area news outlets, highlighting the controversy and asking the reporters to interview Norman Golb.

Suzanne Shapiro

Activity:

  • This alias made comments on a North County Times article by Kirby Fairfax entitled Dead Sea Scrolls: Long-awaited exhibit offers sights, sounds, smells and samples. The comments also contained comments by alias "Charles" (“Charles Gadda”).
  • This alias also made several comments on Claude Mariottini’s blog on a story entitled Christ’s Tomb Found?. This alias' comments immediately follow a barrage of comments made by alias “Charles Gadda” and link to written pieces by Dr. Norman Golb.
  • This alias made comments on a Topix news item entitled “A Lively Debate over the Dead Sea Scrolls.” This alias’ comment argues on behalf of Dr. Norman Golb. “Suzanne Shapiro’s” comments appear after comments made by aliases “Charles Gadda” and “Sarah Epstein.”
  • This alias made a comment on a “Putting Out the Fire” blog story entitled “The Tomb of Jesus.” This comment followed a comment by alias "Charles Gadda” and interesting linked to an article on Dr. Norman Golb’s OI website about the DSS, even though the blog story was about the tomb of Jesus.
  • This alias’ comments on this blog and links to a critique of the Pacific Science Center blog. This alias’ comments are followed by comments made by aliases “Jessica Friedman” and “Robert Dworkin.”
  • This alias made comments on a NowPublic article written by “Charles Gadda.”

Suzanne75

Activity:

View from Here

Email: J.Friedman47@gmail.com
Activity:
Some of the above excerpts are truncated in such a manner as to render them unintelligible; this being said, the general picture that emerges here — and all the more so, of course, in the complete version of Golb’s article itself — is scandalous and merits the closest attention.

See also the following items:
http://www.nationalpost.com/arts/story.html?id=954321 (National Post article on upcoming Toronto exhibit)
http://www.oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/dss_review_sandiego_catalogue_2007.pdf (Golb’s critique of San Diego exhibit catalogue)
http://www.nationalpost.com/story.html?id=970819 (letter by Michael Hager, director of San Diego museum, attacking Golb)
http://www.nationalpost.com/related/topics/story.html?id=983256 (Golb’s response to Hager)
http://robertdworkin.wordpress.com/2008/07/12/the-ethics-of-exhibition-romancing-the-scrolls/ (article by Robert Dworkin on exhibit controversy)

It should be mentioned that the Jewish Museum in New York has now specifically acknowledged that there are “two basic theories” of scroll origins, thereby departing from all previous exhibiting institutions. For links (now amounting to an entire press dossier) and commentary on this scandal, see

http://michaelhagerspeaks.wordpress.com/
The bibbiablog.com team responded saying they made the cuts for spaces sake, but remedied the situation by reproducing the entire post from the OI’s website.

Scrolls Student

Activity:

Jonathan Seidel

Activity:
  • This alias sent an email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to several people attempting to elicit a response. It appears to be an attempt to bait the recipients into responding to what they think is a sympathetic voice. The email, sent to Joe Zias, Antonio Lombatti, William Schniedewind, and several others, reads:
“Hello,
I'm wondering if perhaps you could help prepare a response to misinformation which is being spread around the internet. See http://michaelhagerspeaks.wordpress.com/, with the list of propoganda at the end, including this article in Le Monde, http://www.lemonde.fr/culture/article/2008/11/05/les-manuscrits-de-la-mer-morte-viennent-d-etre-traduits-en-francais_1115194_3246.html which outrageously states (pardon my French): "The connection between the Essenes, who were thought to have written the scrolls, and Qumran has been reduced to nothing, just as the major American historian and paleographer N. Golb had already written."
These lies about the Chicago "historian" filth must be answered as quickly as possible, so please let me know if you're willing to help out on ANE or otherwise.
Best,
Jonathan S.

Andrew Rosenberg

Email: andrew.rsnbrg@googlemail.com
Activity:
  • This alias used the email andrew.rsnbrg@googlemail.com to spam the harvested ANE-2 Yahoo Groups list.
  • The user claims to be from Haifa, and sent a response to an email list mined from the ANE2 group by alias “Steve Frankel”. The email reads:
Let's keep the focus where it belongs. It does seem more than a little weird to vehemently defend a bunch of DSS charlatans, including Jodi Magness and I take it Zias as well, and at the same time to function as an ANE-2 "moderator."
Andrew Rosenberg (Haifa)

Fish-Sniffer

Activity:

Emily Kaufman

Email: kaufman.emily1@gmail.com
Activity:

m.hollingsworth

Activity:

Blue Eyes

Activity:

Dead Sea Scrolls Fan

Activity:

Jeffery Samuels

Activity:

Jeffery Appelbaum

Activity:
  • This alias left a highly detailed response to a post on Claude Mariottini's blog in response to Stephen Goranson. The response is a highly informed, highly technical attempted rebuttal to Goranson, and makes reference to a British author named Ross Sargent on the “View from 80” website. The post is followed by posts from aliases Brad H.", and "Fish-Sniffer".

Brad H.

Activity:

Loyola Memphis Blue

Activity:

Percy

Activity:

dwayne

Activity:

NYU grad student

Activity:

NYU teaching fellow

Activity:

Max E

Activity:
  • This alias made comments on various “Now Public” articles of alias “Charles Gadda.”

Richard Moss

Activity:
  • This alias made comments on a various news articles here and here concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibits.

Sarah Epstein

Activity:

yale-grad

Activity:

Harold Libowich

Activity:
  • This alias made comments on a NowPublic article written by alias “Charles Gadda”.

Harold Liebovich

Activity:

Tuesday Kuykendall

Activity:

P_Kaufman

Activity:

Susan_Stern

Activity:

H_Finnis

Activity:

Harold Finnis

Activity:

David Peterson

Activity:

biblicalraleigh

Activity:

plagiarist-schiffman

Activity:

larryschiffman

Activity:

Larry Schiffman

Email: larry.schiffman@gmail.com
Activity:

David

Activity:

Krauss

Activity:

Morris

Activity:

it's a methodological issue

Activity:

no assumptions

Activity:

still not convinced

Activity:

We Demand A Neutral Scientific Exhibit

Activity:

biblicalnewyork

Activity:

Curators_Should_Do_Their_Homework

Activity:

Ignorant Gnostic

Activity:

Timothy Fishbane

Activity:

Jerome Cooper

Activity:

S. Edelstein

Activity:

Simon Adler

Activity:

David Hall

Activity:

Philip Schaff

Activity:

Robert Friedman

Activity:

uclaquotes

Activity:

Emails (with Headers)

Email from alias Charles (Carlo) Gadda to UCLA Media Relations

START HEADER

Microsoft Mail Internet Headers Version 2.0 Received: from eaex3.support.ucla.edu ([164.67.112.24]) by eaex4.support.ucla.edu with Microsoft SMTPSVC(5.0.2195.6713);

 Tue, 19 Jun 2007 10:59:16 -0700
      

Received: from eagateway.support.ucla.edu ([164.67.112.3]) by eaex3.support.ucla.edu with Microsoft SMTPSVC(5.0.2195.6713);

 Tue, 19 Jun 2007 10:59:16 -0700
      

Received: from web38111.mail.mud.yahoo.com ([209.191.124.138]) by eagateway.support.ucla.edu with MailMarshal (v6,1,5,586)

id <B4678196a0001>; Tue, 19 Jun 2007 10:59:06 -0700
      

Received: (qmail 29466 invoked by uid 60001); 19 Jun 2007 17:59:05 -0000 DomainKey-Signature: a=rsa-sha1; q=dns; c=nofws;

 s=s1024; d=yahoo.com;
 h=X-YMail-OSG:Received:Date:From:Subject:To:MIME-Version:Content-Type:Content-Transfer-Encoding:Message-ID;
 b=TeEaMZhqC3RVUSRvQBEbRtW32QniULejg0MUp4gBT3TOYEmcTGAEeYTm4Un4AMhSPHOcGp6DJSYiFU6kK2f3/7x+luNJYbOjmZiYrKXoYnt6Lksl+yz2MsZqUHwQOvBra0G8LsYfoX+75ohtn4MvSxIMwJv5yuzUx4lmTjUE9yA=;
      

X-YMail-OSG: A_whb3IVM1kwNu6J.Frbbd8xUzfuCtb7csHAM3I29d6TDwSMoHsy8U7uom3zG4vH8dyPpuJpTS9AhQfDGTVf6f5PMgtVHe7oKmVnct7LxNm9Ehl1hfrONoeKQBQ_Qw-- Received: from [69.86.34.90] by web38111.mail.mud.yahoo.com via HTTP; Tue, 19 Jun 2007 10:59:05 PDT Date: Tue, 19 Jun 2007 10:59:05 -0700 (PDT) From: Carlo Gadda <carlogadda@yahoo.com> Subject: Your article on the "Virtual Qumran" film To: msullivan@support.ucla.edu MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="0-1213145433-1182275945=:29418" Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit Message-ID: <786708.29418.qm@web38111.mail.mud.yahoo.com> Return-Path: carlogadda@yahoo.com X-OriginalArrivalTime: 19 Jun 2007 17:59:16.0627 (UTC) FILETIME=[8D74DE30:01C7B29B]

--0-1213145433-1182275945=:29418 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

--0-1213145433-1182275945=:29418 Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit


--0-1213145433-1182275945=:29418--

END OF HEADER

From: Carlo Gadda [mailto:carlogadda@yahoo.com]
Sent: Tuesday, June 19, 2007 10:59 AM
To: Meg Sullivan
Subject: Your article on the "Virtual Qumran" film
Importance: High

Dear Ms. Sullivan,

I have read your article on the "Virtual Qumran" film, and I regret to inform you that it gives a seriously misleading impression to anyone who might not be familiar with the current state of scholarship on Qumran.

(1) To begin with, Norman Golb did not publish an "article" in 1996; he published a 400-page book entitled "Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?"

(2) Your sources (no doubt Cargill and Schniedewind themselves) failed to inform you that the thesis they are defending has been rejected not only Golb, but by an entire series of major archaeologists since 1990. These include most notably the Donceel team (officially appointed by the Ecole Biblique to review and finish de Vaux's work); Yizhar Hirschfeld (see his book Qumran in Context); and the officially appointed Israel Antiquities Authority team led by Yizhak Magen and Yuval Peleg, who, after ten seasons of digs at Qumran, have published their conclusions that the site was never inhabited by any sect and that the Dead Sea Scrolls are the remnants of libraries from the Jerusalem region.

These facts are well known to Qumran scholars, and your article gives a distinctly misleading impression to the reader by not mentioning them. Dr. Schniedewind is known to be a radical defender of the disputed Qumran-Essene theory, and he has a right to defend his views, but it was highly inappropriate of him to use $100,000 in grants to mislead the public in this film by failing to mention the conclusions of the Magen and Peleg team, and it was inappropriate for you to advertise the film without informing people of the actual facts.

(3) Your article also fails to mention that the film has already been subjected to biting criticism by Norman Golb (see his article "Fact and Fiction in Current Exhibitions of the Dead Sea Scrolls--A Critical Notebook for Viewers," available on the University of Chicago website at http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/projects/scr/). In the wake of Golb's criticism, one commentator has suggested that "the goal of this film is simply to indoctrinate visitors, before they see the rest of the [San Diego Scrolls] exhibit, into believing in the old, Qumran-Essene theory, despite the fact that it has now been rejected by virtually all of the major archaeologists in the field."

I have left aside the clear manipulation of evidence in the film itself, e.g., the way it argues that Qumran was inhabited by a group of male Essenes, despite the fact that the remains of women were found in the cemetery--since Pliny states that the Essenes of the Dead Sea were celibate, the makers of the film were obliged to distort, ignore or explain away the actual evidence to support their view. And so on and so forth with the other claims they make.

In the hope these observations will have given you fruit for thought, I am

Yours sincerely,

Charles Gadda


Email 1 from alias Steve Frankel to a Harvested ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup

BEGIN HEADER

From - Tue Apr 29 06:49:36 2008 X-Account-Key: account1 X-UIDL: 124878-1059787389 X-Mozilla-Status: 0001 X-Mozilla-Status2: 00000000 X-Mozilla-Keys: Return-path: <frankel.steve@yahoo.com> Received: from iron3-mx.tops.gwu.edu (iron3-mx.tops.gwu.edu [161.253.152.114])

by prime.tops.gwu.edu
(Sun Java System Messaging Server 6.2-7.04 (built Aug 17 2006))
with ESMTP id <0K02002ABJ8LQS10@prime.tops.gwu.edu> for ehcline@gwu.edu; Tue,
29 Apr 2008 00:03:08 -0400 (EDT)
      

Received: from n66.bullet.mail.sp1.yahoo.com ([98.136.44.50])

by iron3-mx.tops.gwu.edu with SMTP; Tue, 29 Apr 2008 00:03:08 -0400
      

Received: from [216.252.122.219] by n66.bullet.mail.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP;

Tue, 29 Apr 2008 04:03:07 +0000
      

Received: from [69.147.65.156] by t4.bullet.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Tue,

29 Apr 2008 04:03:07 +0000
      

Received: from [127.0.0.1] by omp404.mail.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Tue,

29 Apr 2008 04:03:07 +0000
      

Received: (qmail 58197 invoked by uid 60001); Tue, 29 Apr 2008 04:03:07 +0000 Received: from [128.122.89.83] by web45803.mail.sp1.yahoo.com via HTTP; Mon,

28 Apr 2008 21:03:06 -0700 (PDT)
      

Date: Mon, 28 Apr 2008 21:03:06 -0700 (PDT) From: steve Frankel <frankel.steve@yahoo.com> Subject: ANE-2: Jeffrey Gibson's mission To: e2waxi@gmail.com, editor@ancientneareast.net, ehcline@gwu.edu,

EHEINR007@aol.com, ehud.benzvi@ualberta.ca, eliotbraun@yahoo.com,
finckean@yahoo.com, frankha@post.tau.ac.il, fscalf@gmail.com,
garygreenberg@nyc.rr.com, gdelmonte@lunet.it, gdoudna@msn.com,
george.athas@moore.edu.au, gfsomsel@yahoo.com, gkiraz@gorgiaspress.com,
gklingbeil@aiias.edu, gmills4248@msn.com, grammatim@verizon.net,
groups@yare.org, gtosiris@mpx.com.au, gwoodgeno@yahoo.com
      

Message-id: <298168.58170.qm@web45803.mail.sp1.yahoo.com> MIME-version: 1.0 X-Mailer: YahooMailRC/975.23 YahooMailWebService/0.7.185 Content-type: multipart/alternative; boundary="0-1195165182-1209441786=:58170" DomainKey-Signature: a=rsa-sha1; q=dns; c=nofws; s=s1024; d=yahoo.com;

h=X-YMail-OSG:Received:X-Mailer:Date:From:Subject:To:MIME-Version:Content-Type:Message-ID;
b=LzW0na+Z5abKvt1FEciUuWWw4ERc9Myhx2a51xwSFrNTRZY7LWBtDZFEPXV8bbTuUlZB6jpbG7m/JsC2zk6ke4lZUhQJe6z6qQrrubgH+Km0CajtztwjNF4R8rXQpNNjEpQFzZdFdRB72RDN/qOvtCrlSHP/8ulXxRJkAxhtyLo=;
      

X-SenderBase: 2.6 X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: AtMBAJY6FkhiiCwyfmdsb2JhbACCNTaOcgEBCwUCBAkRmh4 X-IronPort-AV: E=Sophos;i="4.25,720,1199682000";

d="scan'208,217";a="256307539"
      

X-Yahoo-Newman-Property: ymail-3 X-Yahoo-Newman-Id: 410695.55985.bm@omp404.mail.sp1.yahoo.com X-YMail-OSG:

UOT3IqMVM1lfudE2bKZl3XAXvUFHKQabP6CLNT_AKgXUwUp1Nasgtzpe2K_Dvwy52ntex_MaPpGKjWV8c2RpbSoHahRolyVAoQ--
      

Original-recipient: rfc822;ehcline@gwu.edu

--0-1195165182-1209441786=:58170 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

END OF HEADER

Today, Jeffrey Gibson (owner and moderator of ANE-2) sought to reassure list members that a number of important security measures have been taken to prevent the charlatanry of certain contributors from being exposed. (See Gibson's statement below.)

According to these measures, everyone will be held to a rigid, impenetrable standard of personal identification based on "social location and/or academic affiliation." No infiltrators will be allowed to publish comments with "false" names, "handles," or forbidden "locators." These, it is announced, are the protocols of the list, with which all list members agree to abide.

As I read the statement, I could not help but wonder whether this sudden urge to "clamp down" could have something to do with the nauseating quarrel between Dr. Gibson and another internet blogger that has been going on for the past couple of weeks, during the course of which Gibson has repeatedly accused University of Chicago historian Norman Golb of "illegal actions."

See the full exchange here: http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=239497 and see also http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=241630 where the epic struggle between Gibson and his interlocutor reaches climaxes of anger almost unheard of since the fall of the Dead Sea Scrolls monopoly.

How ironical, that a list which began as a service set up by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, has been taken over by an adjunct teacher in the Chicago city college system who spends much of his time leveling angry accusations of "illegal conduct" against one of the Oriental Institute's most respected members. Was it right that Gibson should hitch a ride on the ANE brand, and then convert the list into a mouthpiece for the likes of Joe Zias and Robert Feather?

Steve Frankel (socially located and affiliated with a variety of major archaeological organizations, including the American Society for Biblical Exposure)


Email 2 from alias Steve Frankel to a Harvested ANE2 Yahoo Newsgroup

BEGIN HEADER

From - Tue Apr 29 19:16:26 2008 X-Account-Key: account1 X-UIDL: 125026-1059787389 X-Mozilla-Status: 0011 X-Mozilla-Status2: 00000000 X-Mozilla-Keys: Return-path: <frankel.steve@yahoo.com> Received: from iron4-mx.tops.gwu.edu (iron4-mx.tops.gwu.edu [161.253.152.118])

by prime.tops.gwu.edu
(Sun Java System Messaging Server 6.2-7.04 (built Aug 17 2006))
with ESMTP id <0K0400CZU0LSYB00@prime.tops.gwu.edu> for ehcline@gwu.edu; Tue,
29 Apr 2008 19:15:56 -0400 (EDT)
      

Received: from n77.bullet.mail.sp1.yahoo.com ([98.136.44.45])

by iron4-mx.tops.gwu.edu with SMTP; Tue, 29 Apr 2008 19:15:44 -0400
      

Received: from [216.252.122.217] by n77.bullet.mail.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP;

Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:15:40 +0000
      

Received: from [69.147.65.153] by t2.bullet.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Tue,

29 Apr 2008 23:15:40 +0000
      

Received: from [127.0.0.1] by omp401.mail.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Tue,

29 Apr 2008 23:15:40 +0000
      

Received: (qmail 80327 invoked by uid 60001); Tue, 29 Apr 2008 23:15:40 +0000 Received: from [128.122.88.131] by web45814.mail.sp1.yahoo.com via HTTP; Tue,

29 Apr 2008 16:15:39 -0700 (PDT)
      

Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 16:15:39 -0700 (PDT) From: steve Frankel <frankel.steve@yahoo.com> Subject: Re: ANE-2: Jeffrey Gibson's mission

END OF HEADER

Original Message Subject: Re: ANE-2: Jeffrey Gibson's mission
Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 16:15:39 -0700 (PDT)
From: steve Frankel <frankel.steve@yahoo.com>
To: Peter T. Daniels <grammatim@verizon.net>, e2waxi@gmail.com, editor@ancientneareast.net, ehcline@gwu.edu, EHEINR007@aol.com, ehud.benzvi@ualberta.ca, eliotbraun@yahoo.com,finckean@yahoo.com, frankha@post.tau.ac.il, fscalf@gmail.com, garygreenberg@nyc.rr.com, gdelmonte@lunet.it, gdoudna@msn.com, george.athas@moore.edu.au, gfsomsel@yahoo.com,gkiraz@gorgiaspress.com, gklingbeil@aiias.edu, gmills4248@msn.com, groups@yare.org, gtosiris@mpx.com.au, gwoodgeno@yahoo.com, DAVID.STACEY63@NTLWORLD.COM, davidlorton@earthlink.net,despinne@gmail.com, dgrolin@yahoo.com, dhirsch@library.ucla.edu, dhyphenf@yahoo.com, dieleman@humnet.ucla.edu, diwonusoio@yahoo.co.uk, donaldrvance@mac.com, dopderbeck@gmail.com,dqhall59@yahoo.com, driver40386@yahoo.ca, dwashbur@nyx.net, mail@robert-deutsch.com, ane.als@gmail.com, anebo10@gmail.com, antonio.lombatti@mac.com, apazeraite@yahoo.fr,appelbau@h2.hum.huji.ac.il, B.Andelkovic@f.bg.ac.yu, beahopkinson@earthlink.net, beneflei-ane@yahoo.com, bjarkal@online.no, briancolless@inspire.net.nz, chris_conlan@yahoo.co.uk, chris@parthia.com,christopher.heard@pepperdine.edu, cjsulz@hotmail.com, clancyfrank@hotmail.com, cwhelton@mindspring.com, darlington.mary@yahoo.com, sam@israntique.org.il, sbudin@camden.rutgers.edu,schorch_AT@gmx.de, seekx22@yahoo.com, shemichaels@earthlink.net, silverman_mark@yahoo.com, summers@metu.edu.tr, sveta_sg@yahoo.com, tadorne@tadorne-art.com, timothy.mink@yahoo.ca,tlt@teol.ku.dk, tom.elliott@nyu.edu, torythrp@yahoo.com, van_der_Veen@gmx.de, vartavan@yahoo.com, victor@bgumail.bgu.ac.il, whiting@cc.helsinki.fi, wjwalshphd@comcast.net, xalkinos02@freemail.gr,yigal9@netvision.net.il, yitzhaksapir@gmail.com, yranells@gmail.com, z3itgeistco@yahoo.com, jgibson000@comcast.net, Trudy Kawami <tkawami@arthurmsacklerfdn.org>, Niels Peter Lemche<npl@teol.ku.dk>

Oh wow, U. of C. alumnus "Frankel" has been exposed as Golb's son (how could anyone with a modicum of respect for such a schmuck be anything else!), by U. of C. alumnus Peter Daniels, the great linguistic genius.

While we're honoring the air-tight security of ANE-2 -- Heil Gibson! -- let's send the schmuck professor to prison for stealing books you needed for your precious investigations.

Shave your pompous beard and send it to ANE moderator Gibson -- but don't bother reading his nauseating debate with "Charles Gadda" on IIDB, http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=239497 http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=241630

because you already know all the answers.


Email from alias Don Matthews to Eric Cline

BEGIN HEADER

From - Thu Dec 27 12:06:49 2007 X-Account-Key: account1 X-UIDL: 113628-1059787389 X-Mozilla-Status: 0001 X-Mozilla-Status2: 00000000 X-Mozilla-Keys: Return-path: <d_matthews52@yahoo.com> Received: from iron1-mx.tops.gwu.edu (iron1-mx.tops.gwu.edu [128.164.127.227])

by prime.tops.gwu.edu
(Sun Java System Messaging Server 6.2-7.04 (built Aug 17 2006))
with ESMTP id <0JTH0027C2XOBA20@prime.tops.gwu.edu> for ehcline@gwu.edu; Sat,
22 Dec 2007 17:39:24 -0500 (EST)
      

Received: from n9.bullet.re3.yahoo.com ([68.142.237.94])

by iron1-mx.tops.gwu.edu with SMTP; Sat, 22 Dec 2007 17:39:24 -0500
      

Received: from [68.142.237.88] by n9.bullet.re3.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Sat,

22 Dec 2007 22:39:24 +0000
      

Received: from [216.252.122.217] by t4.bullet.re3.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Sat,

22 Dec 2007 22:39:24 +0000
      

Received: from [69.147.84.107] by t2.bullet.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Sat,

22 Dec 2007 22:39:24 +0000
      

Received: from [127.0.0.1] by omp202.mail.sp1.yahoo.com with NNFMP; Sat,

22 Dec 2007 22:39:24 +0000
      

Received: (qmail 22082 invoked by uid 60001); Sat, 22 Dec 2007 22:39:24 +0000 Received: from [128.122.89.50] by web44801.mail.sp1.yahoo.com via HTTP; Sat,

22 Dec 2007 14:39:23 -0800 (PST)
      

Date: Sat, 22 Dec 2007 14:39:23 -0800 (PST) From: Don Matthews <d_matthews52@yahoo.com> Subject: ASOR meeting rigged? To: ehcline@gwu.edu Message-id: <138192.20730.qm@web44801.mail.sp1.yahoo.com> MIME-version: 1.0 Content-type: multipart/alternative; boundary="0-877797122-1198363163=:20730" Content-transfer-encoding: 8bit DomainKey-Signature: a=rsa-sha1; q=dns; c=nofws; s=s1024; d=yahoo.com;

h=X-YMail-OSG:Received:Date:From:Subject:To:MIME-Version:Content-Type:Content-Transfer-Encoding:Message-ID;
b=yhWw05bBKj43kg/XVp0u0R0/eJejZhXCATzy6dG+8sbtR2/be6C/z1nsNVfSU0gBABOF2McuCdFYBrRIeQYy9J5NL5q8OjJK1lkD4RAlU/ThJ78u6cCfzCF4wevhQDHoTSxXWwJ4eIj1PgWEEmzGUYGplAuweA/JGJZScXTZQtw=;
      

X-SenderBase: 2.4 X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered: true X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result: AgAAAEghbUdEju1efGdsb2JhbACBaYEGjRoBAQkCBhETBYEWmBI X-IronPort-AV: i="4.24,199,1196658000"; d="scan'208";

a="605826613:sNHT22147376"
      

X-Yahoo-Newman-Property: ymail-3 X-Yahoo-Newman-Id: 367304.61315.bm@omp202.mail.sp1.yahoo.com X-YMail-OSG:

f3ds2sUVM1lVFPMNlOIOexHxnQpE4fXPl4aVo0kgLpkMqPhsjM3pZUbzXOkeueukufqRDXoCtZZI7vo60TbUmeJFJFSOmjMxhKI6
      

Original-recipient: rfc822;ehcline@gwu.edu

--0-877797122-1198363163=:20730 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit

END OF HEADER

Dear Dr. Cline,

You are mentioned in this article, I'm wondering if there is any truth to the allegations?

http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/charity-fund-involved-dead-sea-scrolls-conflict

D. Matthews


Email 1 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter

On Sun, Feb 8, 2009 at 7:55 PM, Emily Kaufman <kaufman.emily1@gmail.com> wrote:

Dear Professor Carter,

A student in your department, who prepared a film being shown in Dead Sea Scrolls exhibits, is now involved in deleting information about the controversy surrounding those exhibits from wikipedia articles. He uses the pen-name "XKV8R" to this end -- see his user-page at http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:IsraelXKV8R, and compare his edits and statements at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dead_Sea_scrolls&action=history <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dead_Sea_scrolls&action=history>

This activity is inappropriate for a Ph.D. candidate at UCLA. It is also inappropriate for the student in question, because he has a conflict of interest, having been personally involved in preparation of material used in the exhibits.

I hope you will take measures to stop "XKV8R" from inappropriately interfering in the contributions I and other authors have been making to the wikipedia article on the Dead Sea Scrolls. It is annoying to us to see our work suddenly disappear under one pretext or another, simply because "XKV8R" is trying to suppress any discussion of a controversy surrounding exhibits in whose preparation he has played a role.

Yours sincerely,

Emily Kaufman


Email 2 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter

From: "kaufman.emily1" <kaufman.emily1@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 10 Feb 2009 18:07:34 -0500
To: <carter@humnet.ucla.edu>
Subject: text of item your graduate student keeps deleting from wikipedia


Dear Dr. Carter,

So that you can see exactly what is going on, here is the text in question:

Controversy involving recent and upcoming Dead Sea Scroll exhibits

The Royal Ontario Museum <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Ontario_Museum> of Toronto will host an exhibition on the scrolls from June 27, 2009 to January 3, 2010[7] <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea_scrolls#cite_note-6> . A National Post article entitled "Controversy surrounds exhibit of Dead Sea Scrolls" states: "The Royal Ontario Museum could find itself unearthing old controversies when it opens its $3-million, would-be blockbuster Dead Sea Scrolls exhibition next June." The article explains that a "history professor in the U.S. has accused an earlier, related project in San Diego of deliberate bias, scholarly incompetence and [has] suggest[ed] that its curator, who is also assembling the ROM exhibition, was unqualified for the job." The article indicates that the professor in question, University of Chicago historian Norman Golb, "attacked the San Diego show by circulating a 24-page critique of the exhibition catalogue highlighting what he called 'a great many factual errors and unprovable assertions presented as truths.'"[8] <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea_scrolls#cite_note-7> In a letter published in the National Post, Michael Hager, director of the San Diego Natural History Museum, defends the quality of that museum's exhibit, stating that the "ideas presented in the San Diego Dead Sea scrolls exhibition were thoroughly researched by a team of accredited biblical scholars, with several alternative theories for their origin presented."[9] <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea_scrolls#cite_note-8> In another letter also published in the same newspaper, Golb states that the "controversy now unfolding about the scrolls arises out of the fact that the debate between the two salient theories of Scroll origins -- the Qumran-Essene theory and the theory of Jerusalem origin -- is featured in a current exhibit at the Jewish Museum in New York. By contrast, most museums in past exhibits have largely concealed this debate from the public. The Royal Ontario Museum, which has a reputation for scientific integrity, now is faced with the problem of presenting a balanced and accurate exhibition."[10] <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea_scrolls#cite_note-9> The Wall Street Journal and other newspapers reported on the featuring of the scholarly debate over the Scrolls' origins in the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit held at the Jewish Museum in New York in the Autumn of 2008.[11] <http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_Sea_scrolls#cite_note-10>

Why does a student in your department, who was personally involved in the exhibit at the center of this controversy, keep deleting this information? Is this normal conduct for a UCLA doctoral candidate?


Email 3 from alias Emily Kaufman to Elizabeth Carter

From: "kaufman.emily1" <kaufman.emily1@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 10 Feb 2009 17:39:27 -0500
To: <carter@humnet.ucla.edu>
Subject: Re: Conduct of your graduate student on wikipedia


P.p.s. He continues to block the insertion of a section reporting on a controversy in which he himself is involved.

And one of you apparently forwarded these messages to him, because he's talking about them too with his usual arrogance.

Are you familiar with the concept of tyranny? Didn't any of you ever hear of standing aside when you are personally involved in a controversy? Don't you consider this your responsibility, that a student in your department is engaged in such conduct? Don't you feel you should sit down with him and have a gentle word or two about the matter?

And he will succeed, of course, in blocking the information with his false and abusive claims. Does that make you feel good? Is that what UCLA is all about? Petty loyalties at the expense of basic principles of academic responsibility?


Email from alias Charles Gadda to Jim West

Original Message
Subject: new scrolls article, showing fundamentalist links
Date: Fri, 03 Aug 2007 22:08:26 -0700 (PDT)
From: Carlo Gadda <carlogadda@yahoo.com>
To: jwest@highland.net


Jim, I have left you out of it because I don't think it would be fair, despite the obvious similarities, baptism, the publication of Cargill's defense precisely on your site, etc.

Incidentally, on your bio page, I would recommend that you say where you received your degrees, otherwise it does not sound serious (cf. what I had to say about Zias and Fields in the article, although their cases are much worse).

http://www.nowpublic.com/christian_fundamentalism_and_dead_sea_scrolls_san_diego


Letter from alias Robert Dworkin to SDNHM Board Member

The following letter was sent from alias "Robert Dworkin" to a member of the board of the San Diego Natural History Museum.

The return address was:
362 32nd St. Union City, NJ 07087

The letter was not signed, but listed the sender as:
Robert Dworkin
robertdworkin@gmail.com

CLICK HERE FOR A .PDF OF ALIAS "ROBERT DWORKIN'S LETTER TO A SDNHM BOARD MEMBER

Dear Mr. XXXXX,

I was dismayed to learn, from comments made by two popular biblical studies websites, that the San Diego Natural History Museum has chosen, in its upcoming Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit, to give short shrift to the prominent Jerusalem theory of Scroll origins--one of two salient theories defended today in scholarly publications.

Turning to the Museum's website in the hope of seeing these statements refuted, I was stunned to see that not a single known supporter of the Jerusalem theory has been invited to participate in the lecture series accompanying the exhibit. Adding insult to a decision that can only have been motivated by the personal animus of the exhibit's curators, one of the scheduled lectures is entitled "Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?" This, of course, is the title of historian Norman Golb's well-known book; yet, as stated, neither professor Golb nor any other supporter of the Jerusalem theory has been invited to speak. The description of the scheduled lecture makes it clear that the speaker will, in part, be describing Golb's views and no doubt commenting on them, yet neither Golb nor any other supporters of those views will have the opportunity to tell their side of the story.

I believe it is the Board of Trustee's duty to judge whether this course of conduct is appropriate, and to act accordingly. I am sending you the enclosed documents in case you wish to try and understand the anger that I and other informed people are now feeling towards your Museum. They are divided into three categories:

(1) Two articles by Golb posted on the University of Chicago website concerning the manner in which the Dead Sea Scrolls are being presented in current exhibits (in one of which articles the specifically questions the Natural history Museum's scientific conduct); for background, the preface, by the editor of the Aspen Institute Quarterly, to an earlier article by Golb (on the "Ethics of Museology") also posted there; and some other material concerning this remarkable scholar.

(2) A review of Golb's book by Professor Gregory Armstrong, including his statement that "what is most distressing here is the reluctance [described by Golb] of so many parties to the scrolls controversy... to engage in a full and free discussion of the many questions [involved]." This statement was meant to apply to the situation described in Golb's book, but it is equally applicable to what appears to be happening today in San Diego, in an institution ostensibly devoted to "educating" the public.

(3) A sampling of comments published on several news and biblical studies websites concerning the Museum's conduct.

Finally, I have added a few other items that are largely self-explanatory. Throughout, I have added some marginal markings to point your attention to the most significant details. In the hope you will find fruit for thought in this material, I am

Sincerely yours,

Robert Dworkin
robertdworkin@gmail.com

Email from alias Steve Frankel to Elizabeth Carter

From: Steve Frankel [ mailto:steve.frankel2@gmail.com ]
Sent: Tuesday, January 22, 2008 3:56 PM
To: Bakhos, Carol; Banani, Amin (Bol Fwd); Band, Arnold; Bodrogligeti, Andras; Boustan, Ra'anan; Buccellati, Giorgio (FWD); Burke, Aaron; Cooperson, Michael; Cowe, Peter; Davidson, Herbert A.; Dieleman, Jacco; Englund, Dr. Robert; Ezer, Nancy; Fishbein, Michael; fitz@ucla.edu; Hagigi, Latifeh (FWD); Hakak, Lev; Hirsch, David G.; Jaeckel, Ralph; Keshishian, Anahid;Poonawala, Ismail; Sabar, Yona; Schmidt, Hanns Peter; Shayegan, Rahim; Slyomovics, Susan; Wendrich, Willeke; Pirnazar, Nahid; Ziai, Hossein
Subject: The recent conduct of Bill Schniedewind and his student Robert Cargill


Gentlemen,

A short while ago, I mailed the following to the chairman of your department from a friend's email address, with a blind copy to all of you. Please address any correspondence to me at the above email. Now we will see if Dr. Carter takes any action on this matter or hushes it up.

Best,

S. Frankel


Dear Professor Carter,

As an alumnus of UCLA, I write to you concerning an important, but delicate matter.

It has come to my attention that Robert Cargill, a graduate student of Dr. William Schniedewind in your department, recently produced a "virtual reality" film on Khirbet Qumran, which was shown to some 450,000 visitors attending the San Diego Natural History Museum's controversial exhibit of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

According to published accounts, this film (funded with $100,000 from Stephen Spielberg's Holocaust fund) presents Dr. Schniedewind's views on Qumran, and in doing so distorts the current state of research in this field of studies, making many demonstrably false claims, treating disputed interpretations as facts and defending an old, and widely disputed, theory of Dead Sea Scroll origins without informing the public of the reasons why an entire series of major researchers, including the officially appointed Israel Antiquities Authority team led by Drs. Yitzhak Magen and Yuval Peleg, have now rejected that theory. This becomes abundantly clear in a review of the film by Universityof Chicago historian Norman Golb, published on the Oriental Institute website (see http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/san_diego_virtual_reality_2007.pdf).

My concern is as follows. I have scoured the internet in vain for any response by Dr. Schniedewind or Mr. Cargill to this detailed critique of their film. But I have read that the preparation of the film has been a key focal point of Mr. Cargill's work towards his Ph.D. The accumulation of transparently erroneous and mendacious statements made throughout the film, documented in Dr. Golb's article and clearly designed to mislead the public, can hardly be called an example of ethical conduct on the part of a doctoral candidate. If it were merely a question of Dr. Schniedewind failing to answer criticisms of his views, one could write it off as another example of a typical academic dispute, but in this case we are dealing with a graduate student, and with basic standards of scholarship that obviously must be met; questions that those who adhere to such standards would rightly expect to be raised at a dissertation defense; etc.

For example, in marginal correspondence that is apparently part of his unpublished film script, Mr. Cargill refers to a "reason" justifying one of his statements that he is careful "never to write down" (see Dr. Golb's article for details). One cannot but wonder whether those attending Mr. Cargill's dissertation defense will carefully question him as to precisely what this reason is that, in violation of all canons of scholarship, he never writes down.

Ultimately, I feel that I have no choice but to ask: What is UCLA going to do to ensure that Mr. Cargill provides a candid explanation of his behavior with respect to this film? Will steps will be taken to ensure that he responds to Dr. Golb's criticisms, corrects his false statements and issues a public apology for having misled 450,000 people? Will Mr. Cargill be allowed to receive a Ph.D. for work of this quality, in the face of an unanswered refutation published for all to see by an influential historian teaching at theUniversity of Chicago?

I conclude that we appear to be dealing with a serious issue here that should be dealt with forcefully and responsibly, to avoid the risk of its being raised by various parties at Mr. Cargill's dissertation defense, as well as the even more upsetting likelihood of hearing that it has been raised with the university administration and local newspapers.

With best regards,

Steve Frankel


Email from alias Joshua Reznik to Elizabeth Carter

From: Joshua Reznick
Date: Tue, 18 Mar 2008 21:03:11 -0700 (PDT)
To: carter@humnet.ucla.edu
Subject: UCLA research team involved in new scandal?

To: Professor Elizabeth Carter, Chair, Dept. of Near Eastern Languages, UCLA

Dear Professor Carter,

I learned today, from a pair of postings on the ANE-2 site, as well as from an article posted on the IIDB site, that the members of a research team working out of your department have been using ideas and techniques initially developed by Ferdinand Rohrhirsch (Katholische Universität Eichstaett) without giving him credit, claiming instead that they have made "the world's first" computer-generated film on Khirbet Qumran. See the postings at http://iidb.infidels.org/vbb/showthread.php?t=239497, http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7746 and http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ANE-2/message/7749.

This impression seems to be confirmed by UCLA's "Virtual Qumran" website (see http://www.nelc.ucla.edu/qumran/about.html ) where Dr. Rohrhirsch's 2000/2001 film is not mentioned, and where William Schniedewind is clearly credited with having come up with the Virtual Qumran "idea."

As indicated on ANE-2, Dr. Schniedewind's student Robert Cargill received $100,000 from the Righteous Persons foundation in 2006 to cover the production costs of the UCLA film. Given the way this film has been presented to the public, are we to assume that Mr. Spielberg, when he consented to the grant, was under the impression that the UCLA project would be the "world's first" of its type?

What is more, a similar film dated 2002 (four years before the Spielberg grant) is also available on the University of the Holy Land (UHL) site. This film, too, is not mentioned on the UCLA site, but it is not clear if it is the work product of someone at UHL or of some collaboration between UHL and Dr. Schniedewind, since the latter is known to have been affiliated with UHL (an affiliation which itself, I might add, appears to violate UCLA regulations).

Allow me to express my hope that your department will come forward with a candid statement on the appropriateness of the Schniedewind/Cargill presentation ("world's first", no mention of either of the previous films), providing, if necessary, details on the substance and dates of any correspondence that Dr. Schniedewind may have had with Dr. Rohrhirsch and/or anyone at the University of the Holy Land concerning these films, so that the public can form a proper understanding of the sequence of events and claims being made.

With best wishes,

Josh Reznick


Email from alias Steve Frankel to UCLA NELC Department

From: Steve Frankel [ mailto:steve.frankel2@gmail.com ]
Sent: Wednesday, February 06, 2008 9:13 PM
To: Bakhos, Carol; Banani, Amin (Bol Fwd); Band, Arnold; Bodrogligeti, Andras; Boustan, Ra'anan; Buccellati, Giorgio (FWD); Burke, Aaron; Cooperson, Michael; Cowe, Peter; Davidson, Herbert A. (FWD); Dieleman, Jacco; Englund, Dr. Robert; Ezer, Nancy; Fishbein, Michael; fitz@ucla.edu; Hagigi, Latifeh (FWD); Hakak, Lev; Hirsch, David G.; Jaeckel, Ralph; Keshishian, Anahid; Poonawala, Ismail; Sabar, Yona; Schmidt, Hanns Peter; Shayegan, Rahim; Slyomovics, Susan; Wendrich, Willeke; Pirnazar, Nahid; Ziai, Hossein
Subject: Re: The recent conduct of Bill Schniedewind and his student Robert Cargill

Dear members of the Department of Near Eastern Languages,

As a follow-up to my recent letter, I must now write to point out that a member of your department, Dr. William Schniedewind, apparently served on the board of advisors (and as adjunct professor) at the University of the Holy Land (UHL) until just a few months ago. See this web page and scroll down: http://cached-holy-land.blogspot.com/2007/10/did-william-schniedewind-serve-on-board.html

Furthermore, while it seems that Dr. Schniedewind's name has now disappeared from UHL's website, the "Virtual Reality" film being promoted on your departmental website, co-authored by Dr. Schniedewind and his student Robert Cargill, is still being promoted on the UHL site as well, see http://www.uhl.ac/Qumran3D/Qumran3D.html

All of this obliges me to ask: is it appropriate for a UCLA faculty member to have such an affiliation with an Evangelical Christian educational institution? After all, UCLA is a secular, state-run institution, and UHL is an academic organization (and not simply a church); doesn't this pose a problem with respect to the United States Constitution and UCLA's own policies? Has Dr. Schniedewind's affiliation with the University of the Holy Land been the subject of an investigation in your department?

With best wishes,

Steve Frankel


Email from alias Lawrence Schiffman to Lawrence Schiffman's Graduate Students

From: larry schiffman <larry.schiffman@gmail.com <mailto:larry.schiffman@gmail.com>
Date: Aug 4, 2008 10:08 PM
Subject: plagiarism charges
To: xxxxxx@nyu.edu, xxxxxx@nyu.edu, xxxxxx@nyu.edu, xxxxxx@nyu.edu


XXX, XXX, XXX, XXX,

Apparently, someone is intent on exposing a minor failing of mine that dates back almost fifteen years ago. 

You are not to mention the name of the scholar in question to any of our students, and every effort must be made to prevent this article from coming to their attention.  This is my career at stake.  I hope you will all understand.

http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/plagiarism-and-dead-sea-scrolls-did-nyu-professor-snitch-chicago-historians-work <http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/plagiarism-and-dead-sea-scrolls-did-nyu-professor-snitch-chicago-historians-work>

Lawrence Schiffman


Email from alias Steven Fishbane to Larry Schiffman

From: Steven Fishbane <steven.fishbane@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 06 Aug 2008 17:15:27 -0400
To: <lawrence.schiffman@nyu.edu>
Subject: Nowpublic allegations concerning your work

Dear Dr. Schiffman,

I have read the "plagiarism and misrepresentation" allegations concerning you on the Nowpublic site, at http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/plagiarism-and-dead-sea-scrolls-did-nyu-department-chairman-pilfer-chicago-historian-s-work.

If, as I suspect, the author of this outrageous piece is Jeffrey Gibson of Chicago, then you are dealing with an agent provocateur driven by his own academic failure, whose basic motivation is hatred of Golb, and whose aim is simply to stir further resentment among scholars.

As someone who has had a certain amount of experience with such matters in the past, may I offer a word of advice? You may wish to register with the Nowpublic site (it's free, takes just a few minutes and you can use any alias you like) and contact the author by private email, proposing to issue a statement of some sort if he is willing to take down the article and discontinue his efforts.

This type of suggestion often does the trick, because those who produce such pieces are usually frustrated individuals looking for some type of personal recognition.

You may wish to propose saying, for example, that these are times of great developments in scrolls research; that the time has come for scholars to put their quarrels behind them; that you yourself, in the heat of great polemics, said certain things that you regret; that we must recognize the contribution of all scholars, etc.

I know this may be an unpalatable suggestion, but I recommend it nonetheless because I have seen these things start with a few hundred readers and boomerang all over the internet until they are picked up by mainstream news sources. If you are indeed dealing with Gibson, this is even more likely, given the man's skill at using aliases, the contacts he seems to have around the country, and his in-depth knowledge of the internet.

With best wishes,

Steven Fishbane


Email from alias David Kaplan to Tim Stowell

From: David Kaplan [ mailto:david88kaplan@gmail.com ]
Sent: Tue 3/3/2009 5:20 PM
To: stowell@humnet.ucla.edu; Stowell, Tim
Subject: material posted by UCLA adjunct professor

Dear Dean Stowell,

As an alumnus of Berkely who has a great deal of respect for UCLA, I feel it is my duty to draw your attention to a polemic<http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:IsraelXKV8R/Sandbox>directed against a Jewish scholar, posted on the internet by one Robert Cargill, who presents himself as an adjunct professor and recent recipient of a Ph.D. from the UCLA Department of Near Eastern Languages.

Dr. Cargill's curriculim vitae, posted on his website<http://www.bobcargill.com/>, states that he is a Christian minister and former senior manager at Christianity.com, and that he currently teaches not only at UCLA, but also at a Christian college called Azuza Pacific<http://www.apu.edu/about/faith/>. The curriculum explains that Dr. Cargill received his doctoral degree not for research of a philological, linguistic or historical nature (as one might perhaps expect in a department of Near Eastern Languages), but for a computer-generated modeling project presenting a reconstruction of the archaeological site of Qumran.

Now if you look at the polemic posted by Dr. Cargill, you will see that it presents itself as a serious investigation into a variety of internet postings, all of which -- or so Dr. Cargill claims, without any clear substantiating proof that I can make out, apart from the mere fact that he has assembled them -- are the writings of one individual. But when one begins to give this material a closer read, it quickly becomes apparent that Dr. Cargill's true aim is to attack, by association and innuendo, a well-known Jewish scholar.

Thus, Dr. Cargill's central claimi is that "the alias 'Charles Gadda' is one of over 60 anonymous internet aliases dedicated to the advocacy and defense of the academic theories of Dr. Norman Golb, the Ludwig Rosenberger Professor of Jewish History and Civilization at the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute." Then he concludes that "all of the material you see here is the product of one individual. This puppet master is highly knowledgeable of the theories, life, history, and publications ... of Dr. Norman Golb of the University of Chicago's distinguished Oriental Institute. This individual has created over 60 aliases that have all been employed in the defense and promotion of the views of Dr. Norman Golb. Additionally, this individual has spared no effort in attempting to defame, discredit, and attack any and all scholars that disagree with Dr. Golb."

The problem with these assertions, is that they are nearly all quite visibly unsubstantiated and untrue. For example, follow Dr. Cargill's links to the page of articles <http://www.nowpublic.com/user/111280/assignments> posted by "Charles Gadda." This author is apparently concerned with various manifestations of anti-semitism in our intellectual culture. There is, for example, an article entitled Antisemitism and the Dead Sea Scrolls<http://www.nowpublic.com/health/antisemitism-and-dead-sea-scrolls>, which briefly cites an editorial by Dr. Golb among other sources, but can hardly be described as "dedicated to the advocacy and defense of the academic theories of Dr. Norman Golb."

Another article by the same author is entitled Full-page New York Times Ad Sneers at Jews<http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/full-page-new-york-times-ad-sneers-jews>, and does not appear to cite Dr. Golb at all. Idem for the Peddling of Religious Sensationalism in America<http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/jesus-judas-and-dead-sea-scrolls-peddling-religious-sensationalism-america>. One article is critical of Sarah Palin. Still others appear to be critical of a series of exhibitions dealing with the Dead Sea Scrolls; the point the author is apparently seeking to make is that, in his view, the exhibitions have failed to accurately present "current research" -- not merely of Dr. Golb, but of all kinds of Israeli scholars as well, who the author enumerates and to whose writings he provides links and references.

What is not clear, is how any of this amounts to a "dedication to the defense and promotion" of Dr. Golb's views, or how it demonstrates a knowledge of Dr. Golb's "life" and "history." Unfortunately, Dr. Cargill's distorted presentation of the information he has gathered makes it quite clear that his goal here is not to establish the truth, but specifically to smear the reputation of one of our nation's principal Jewish scholars, by somehow associating him, through unproven innuendos and suggestions, with controversial internet postings.

I for one find it peculiar and discomfiting to read material in such poor taste, coming from a person who presents himself as a Christian scholar associated with both UCLA and Azuza Pacific. Furthermore, since the attack is of a gratuitous, obsessive and indeed somewhat irrational nature, one must wonder whether the zealous young man who posted it has not risked damaging his career in doing so. What were his motivations? In this regard, it must be hoped that Dr. Cargill, the former senior manager at Christianity.com, did not post this information for a member of the Near Eastern Languages department at UCLA, and that his departmental advisers will counsel him on whether he should associate himself, and by consequence UCLA, with this type of hateful personal polemic.

Finally, I also feel obliged to point out to you that Azuza Pacific has issued a "faith statement," which you can read at the link I provided above. Here is a brief excerpt: "We believe in the ... total moral depravity of humanity, resulting in our exceeding sinfulness and lost estate, and necessitating our regeneration by the Holy Spirit." The statement says that Azuza "expects faculty and staff not only to believe in such tenets, but to practice them in daily living." I assume that UCLA takes steps to ensure that Christian ministers such as Dr. Cargill do not "practice" such tenets in their adjunct classes at UCLA, but you may wish to consider this as well.

Yours sincerely,

David Kaplan


Email from alias Jonathan Seidel to Risa Levitt Kohn

From: Jonathan Seidel
Date: Mon, 24 Nov 2008 19:56:55 -0500
To: Risa Levitt
Subject: Dead Sea Scroll exhibits

 

Dear Dr. Kohn,    

I believe you may find this item of interest: http://michaelhagerspeaks.wordpress.com/    

and, in particular, the article from Le Monde linked at the bottom of the page, which concludes with the sentence: "The ties between the Essenes … and Qumran have now been reduced to nothing, just as the major American historian and paleographer Norman Golb had already written."    

I would be curious to know your opinion: did the Jewish Museum in New York get it wrong about the "two basic theories"? Are all these news items about the "two principal theories" simply wrong?    

I would also be interested in knowing if you are planning to answer Golb's critique of your catalogue, which I read last night.  See his review of the Jewish Museum exhibit too.  It's all linked there on that page.  Hoping to hear from you,    

With best wishes,  

Jonathan Seidel


Posted Items by Norman Golb

Dr. Norman Golb was written many items with regard to the traveling Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions. He regularly posts these items on the Oriental Institute's website. Links to the website and the relevant items are listed below.

The Oriental Institute's THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS AND OTHER HEBREW MSS PROJECT

Title Author Date Removed
2008 Article: A Readers' Guide To The Current New York Exhibition Of The Dead Sea Scrolls by Norman Golb  
2008 Article: A New Wrinkle in the Qumran “Yahad” Theory by Norman Golb  
2007 Article “The So-Called “Virtual Reality Tour” at the 2007 San Diego Scrolls Exhibit” by Norman Golb
Feb 26, 2009
2007 Article “The Dead Sea Scrolls As Treated In A Recently Published Catalogue” by Norman Golb  
2007 Article “Observations on the Ancient Tunnel Recently Discovered in Jerusalem” by Norman Golb  
2007 Article “Fact And Fiction In Current Exhibitions Of The Dead Sea Scrolls – A Critical Notebook for Viewers” by Norman Golb  
2007 Article: The Qumran-Essene Theory And Recent Strategies Employed In Its Defense by Norman Golb  
2006 Article: The Dead Sea Scrolls at Seattle’s Pacific Science Center by Norman Golb
 

Letters from Norman Golb

In addition to the items posted on the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute website, Dr. Golb has also sent many signed letters in connection to the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibitions. A select number of the obtained letters are listed below (and some are not). The contents of the letters are transcribed here on this page, and the link above the letter links to an image of the original letter.

Norman Golb's Letter to the San Diego Natural History Museum

CLICK HERE FOR A .PDF OF NORMAN GOLB'S SIGNED LETTER TO THE SDNHM

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

The Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations
Oriental Institute, 1155 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 USA

26 October 2007

Dr. Michael W. Hager
President and CEO
San Diego Natural History Museum
The Prado, San Diego, CA

Dear Dr. Hager,

The "virtual reality" show being presented at the current Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit contains several obviously misleading assertions. In addition, however, there is one passage that falsely attributes to other parties the view first explicated by me, that the Khirbet Qumran site was a Hasmonean fortress. I enclose herein a xerox copy of the first chapter of my book, Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls? (Simon & Schuster, 1995/1996), wherein I developed this interpretation at length. (I had presented the skeletal form of this interpretation in an article published in the Proceedings of the American Philological Society in 1980.) While this interpretation was later on developed by Prof. Hirschfeld in several articles and in his 2004 book entitled Qumran in Context, and by other writers as well in recent years, all of the fundamental elements in the identification, as well as those elements leading up to it, can be found in my 1995 book.

I do believe that this book is available in the San Diego libraries, the museum shop has also been carrying copies of it, and your staff in preparing the "virtual reality" show could surely without too much difficulty have determined whether there is any truth in the statement made by the script's author (p. 5 of the text) that Prof. Hirschfeld "developed Golb's suggestion into a theory." This obviously distorts the actual course of events, in effect hiding the fact that the original identification was made by an historian (myself) long before archaeologists came to it.

Please note another statement of the author, at thie particular point in his corrective notes, apparently reflecting some secrecy or confidential agreement in the matter. I obviously have to protect myself against the efforts of those individuals who have foisted a wholly one-sided exhibit on the museum and in the process suppressed and distorted the facts concerning my research, and that of others, on the Scrolls.

The other mendacious elements in this "virtual reality" show can be taken up later. Would you, in the meanwhile, be good enough to inform me of the Museum's intention respecting these statements -- not innocent mistakes but, as shown by the notes, demonstrably intended to misinform the public as to the nature of my research -- which I've now regrettably been obliged to bring to your attention?

Cordially yours,

Norman Golb
Rosenberger Professor of
Jewish History and Civilization


Norman Golb's Letter to the UCLA Provost

CLICK HERE FOR A .PDF OF NORMAN GOLB'S SIGNED LETTER TO THE UCLA PROVOST

16 Nov. 2007

n-golb@uchicago.edu

Prof. Scott L. Waugh
Acting Vice Chancellor and Provost
UCLA Office of the Chancellor
2147 Murphy Hall, Box 951405
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1405

Dear Prof. Waugh,

According to the President and CEO of the San Diego Natural History Museum, a "Virtual Reality Tour," which is appended to the exhibition of the Dead Sea Scrolls now being presented there, was prepared not at the museum but entirely by unnamed parties at UCLA. (See attached copies of [a] my letter to the president and [b] his reply of 29 October.)

I would be most grateful if, with the assistance of your staff, you or the appropriate staff member designated by you would indicate to me who were the university parties engaged in preparing this presentation, and if it was indeed totally created at UCLA without active cooperation between the two institutions.

Insofar as my name appears in the working copy of the text now in my possession, and in a way which demonstrably distorts my role in the history of the Dead Sea Scrolls scholarship, I have no choice but to deal with the ethical implications of the initiative in question. I am dismayed to learn that efforts of the kind necessarily implied in the working text of the presentation at issue (copy enclosed) may have been carried out at such a distinguished graduate university as UCLA is.

With cordial good wishes, and in the hope of receiving further information on this matter through your collegial aid, I am

Very cordially yours,

Norman Golb
Rosenberger Professor of Jewish History and Civilization


Letter to the Editor of the National Review

More Dead Sea Scrolls controversy
National Post
Published: Saturday, November 22, 2008

Re: Controversy Dogs Dead Sea Scrolls, letter to the editor, Nov. 19.

Michael W. Hager, the president and CEO of the San Diego Natural History Museum, claims that "untraceable e-mails" sent to the museum's board made "unfounded claims [about the Dead Sea Scrolls] ... citing Norman Golb as an expert" and that I "ignited [a] "controversy" at that museum which "was quickly seen for what it was."

I am unaware of any facts supporting these unusual assertions. My own work on the Scrolls has to do with their philological and historical analysis based on the present accumulation of tangible evidence.

My only contributions to the debate over the San Diego exhibit were my analysis, found on the University of Chicago Web site, and an appendix. Regrettably, the museum chose to remain silent in the face of the various criticisms raised in those documents, which I offered as a gesture of public service and concern over the scientific legitimacy of the exhibit.

The genuine controversy now unfolding about the scrolls arises out of the fact that the debate between the two salient theories of Scroll origins -- the Qumran-Essene theory and the theory of Jerusalem origin -- is featured in a current exhibit at the Jewish Museum in New York.

By contrast, most museums in past exhibits have largely concealed this debate from the public. The Royal Ontario Museum, which has a reputation for scientific integrity, now is faced with the problem of presenting a balanced and accurate exhibition.

Norman Golb, author of Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?, Rosenberger Professor of Jewish History and Civililzation, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.



Conclusion

All of the material you see here is the product of one individual. This puppet master is highly knowledgeable of the academic life, theories, history, and publications - both in print and online - of Dr. Norman Golb of the University of Chicago's distinguished Oriental Institute. This individual has created over 80 aliases that have all been employed in the defense and promotion of the views of Dr. Golb. Additionally, this individual has spared no effort in attempting to defame, discredit, and attack scholars that disagree with Dr. Golb. Using wild accusations and ad hominem attacks, the puppet master has attempted to cast aspersions upon all scholars disagreeing with Dr. Golb, always careful never to formally accuse, but always to frame each insinuation in the form of a hypothetical or question.

The puppet master lives in New York City, New York, and regularly utilizes the NYU Bobst Library to continue his campaign online. Additionally, the original IP address traces to a building very near to NYU. Thus, it is clear that alias "Charles Gadda" is not Dr. Norman Golb (who lives in Chicago). Therefore, the questions one must ask are as follows:

  1. Who lives in New York City, near the NYU Bobst Library, and would possess intimate knowledge of the details of Dr. Norman Golb's theories and publications, and would possess the motive and desire enough to carry out a campaign this prolific for the past three years?
  2. Why is it that Dr. Norman Golb's letters to museums are nearly identical in timing and content to the letters, blogs, and postings of the puppet master? Is the puppet master directly informed by Dr. Golb?
  3. What is the significance of the earliest of the known aliases, "Raphael", aka "Raffa105" who sends emails from raphael.g@... and raffa105@yahoo.com? Is this earliest of aliases any clue to the identity of the puppet master?
    (SEE NOTE ON THE MAR. 5, 2009 ARREST OF RAPHAEL HAIM GOLB)
  4. If the puppet master is shown to be in any way a professional colleague of, conversant with, or related to Dr. Norman Golb, is Dr. Golb in any way complicit in the puppet master's campaign?
    (SEE NOTE ON THE MAR. 5, 2009 ARREST OF RAPHAEL HAIM GOLB)
  5. Or, is this all just one big coincidence?

These are questions I cannot answer with my simple public domain tools. These questions must be left for those with far greater authority than I possess to answer. Until then, I make no accusations. I shall simply continue to document the overwhelming evidence that points to the simple conclusion that alias "Charles Gadda" and the other aliases are all the product of a single individual committed to the defense and promotion of the views of Dr. Norman Golb and to the systematic defamation of all scholars who oppose him.

-- THE END --

Disclaimer

The page above takes special caution not to accuse anyone of anything. The purpose of this site is to present evidence demonstrating that all of the above named aliases are, in fact, the product of a single individual. No accusation is made regarding the identity of the individual.



The Arrest of Raphael Haim Golb

Raphael Golb rejects no-jail plea offer in Manhattan Criminal Court on Friday. (Image by Siegel for News)
Raphael Golb rejects no-jail plea offer in Manhattan Criminal Court on Friday, Aug. 6, 2010.

On Mar 5, 2009, the Manhattan District Attorney's office issued and executed a search warrant for the home of Raphael Haim Golb, University of Chicago Professor Norman Golb's son. According to a news release form the District Attorney's office, "RAPHAEL HAIM GOLB was arrested on charges of identity theft, criminal impersonation and aggravated harassment. The crimes in the Criminal Court Complaint occurred during the period of July to December of 2008." Thus, New York authorities have decided that they have compiled enough evidence to charge Norman Golb's son, Raphael Golb, with the criminal impersonation of Dr. Lawrence Schiffman. If this is the case, then based upon the evidence above, which links the alias "Larry Schiffman" (which was involved in the impersonation of the real Larry Schiffman) to all the other aliases (including earliest known alias, "Raphael"), the puppet master committed to the promotion and defense of the theories of University of Chicago Professor Norman Golb may very well be none other than his own son, Raphael Golb. However, for the purposes of this page, Raphael Golb will be considered innocent until proven guilty.

Raphael Golb was released on his own recognizance on Mar 6, 2009.

Norman Golb's Responses to the Arrest of Raphael Golb

Norman Golb quickly responded with a letter to the editor of his own, issuing a carefully worded response, stating:
"I am unaware of any facts supporting these unusual assertions."

Rather than addressing whether or not he had knowledge of or participation in the puppet master's campaign, Dr. Golb carefully stated that he was unaware of any evidence supporting the assertion that he might be involved with the campaign.


Thus, Norman Golb understands the arrest of his son to be an action against him personally.

Thus, Norman Golb understands his son's actions to be merely "telling the truth," perhaps because he has not been invited to participate in the lecture circuit.

and then declined to elaborate.

Thus, Norman Golb purportedly admitted to a journalist that his son Raphael was actively involved in campaign to defend his views, and justified his actions as being a part of the politics of the scrolls.

Thus, Norman Golb apparently denied that Raphael would ever impersonate Larry Schiffman, argued that the allegations have been "trumped up," and seems to have admitted that he knew his son would write blogs defending him. Since Norman Golb knew that his son was writing blogs, and since Raphael Golb never blogged in his own name, Norman Golb must have known that Raphael was bogging as an alias in his defense. Norman Golb characterized his son's activity as participating in an "honest, straightforward debate."

  • In a Mar 13, 2009 Ha'aretz article by Ofri Ilani entitled Dead Sea Scrolls scholar defends son in identity theft megillah, Norman Golb repeated his earlier admission that he knew his son was using aliases to promote and defend his views. The article states:

    "Raphael, my son, is very devoted to my research. He realized years ago that there was an effort to close the door on my opinions. And so he started debating bloggers who were against me, using aliases. That's the custom these days with blogs, as I understand it," Norman Golb said.

    Magen Broshi, former curator of the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum, responded with his thoughts on Golb. The article states:

    Magen Broshi, the former curator of the Shrine of the Book at the Israel Museum, where some of the scrolls are displayed, called Norman Golb's theory, "foolishness and mean-spirited."

    Broshi said Norman Golb is a "mediocre scholar who went into an area not his own. He adheres in a sick way to his positions which are not accepted by anyone in the world."

    According to Broshi, "the world is split into two - Golb and everyone else."


  • In a Mar 13, 2009 Chronicle of Higher Education article by Steve Kolowich entitled Academic 'Cyberbully' Is Accused of Harassing Judaic Researchers, Norman Golb stated that the arrest of his son is actually all about him. The article states:

    Norman Golb, however, said he suspected that his son's arrest was the latest chapter in a systematic scheme to discredit him. "As far as I'm concerned," he said, "these developments have all to do with the efforts of various traditional ... scholars to block the expression of my views."

    In the story, Norman Golb went on to state that his son, Raphael, used aliases to blog in defense of his views, and for the first time appears to have confirmed that the alias was indeed alias "Charles Gadda". The article states:

    Norman Golb told The Chronicle that he was "aghast and horrified at these charges. My son's only interest has been to follow my work, and—since he is a blogger and I am not a blogger—to engage in debate with other bloggers." The elder Mr. Golb added, "He used a pseudonym because that's what he preferred to do."

    When a Chronicle reporter asked if that pseudonym was Charles Gadda, the older Mr. Golb replied, "Yeah, that's right."

    According to the story, Norman Golb went on to explain why he published his critiques of the various museum exhibitions on the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute web site. The article explains:

    Norman Golb, however, said that the opportunity to self-publish on the Web has helped him navigate around what he perceives to be the hegemony of stubborn elites who previously monopolized the channels of publication. "In all the cases where I've used the Web site," he said, "it's because of the more immediate necessity of publication, which wasn't available before Web sites existed. So the result of that is I can critique exhibits of the scrolls."

    Thus, for the first time, Norman Golb has purportedly confirmed to a reporter that his son, Raphael, used the alias "Charles Gadda" to blog in his defense. It is this same alias, "Charles Gadda," that is responsible for the criticism of several scholars and their institutions, museums, and news organizations. Likewise, it is this same puppet master behind this same alias, "Charles Gadda," that is behind the identity theft of Lawrence Schiffman. Thus, according to published news reports, Raphael Haim Golb's father, Dr. Norman Golb, has confirmed in various comments to reporters the identity of alias "Charles Gadda": his son, Raphael Haim Golb. While this page has stopped short of accusing anyone of being alias "Charles Gadda" and the other aliases, Norman Golb appears to have confirmed the puppet master's identity for us.

    According to press reports quoting Norman Golb, the puppet master is his son, Raphael Haim Golb.

According to multiple published press reports, Norman Golb has apparently admitted that he was fully aware of his son Raphael's smear campaign against scholars who hold a different opinion than his own. This would stand in stark contrast to his earlier claim to the National Post that he is "unaware of any facts supporting these unusual assertions." Thus, far from ignorance of the situation, Dr. Norman Golb has apparently confessed knowledge of the campaign. And rather than speaking out against the practices of his son, Norman Golb not only sat idly by in silent approval for years, but continued to post critical articles of his own on the Oriental Institute web site and wrote letters in his own name not unlike those sent by the aliases.

When taken in conjunction with Dr. Golb's posts on the Oriental Institute web site, it appears that Norman Golb and his son were working in a coordinated manner; Norman Golb would post a critical article on the Oriental Institute web site, alias "Charles Gadda" would then post an article on NowPublic pointing to Norman Golb's Oriental Institute post, and then Raphael Golb would use other aliases to smear and criticize his fathers opponents, drawing attention to both the NowPublic articles and to Norman Golb's Oriental Institute posts. Likewise, Norman Golb would write signed letters to museum officials and university personnel in his own name. These letters would be supplemented by letters from his son, Raphael, using various aliases described above.

The Manhattan District Attorney's office has again declined to comment as to whether or not Dr. Norman Golb is also under investigation in the case against his son, Raphael.

It bears repeating that everything stated above regarding the identity of the puppet master comes not from the present author, nor from any investigation, nor from the New York District Attorney's office, but from the very mouth of Norman Golb in interviews to the press. That is, University of Chicago Professor Norman Golb has allegedly admitted in his own words to knowledge of the identity of the puppet master behind alias "Charles Gadda", and knowledge of his son's campaign, including his use of aliases - a campaign which he has continued to defend in interviews with the press to this day.

Further response from Norman Golb will be logged here. This site is a work in progress.


Press about the Arrest of Raphael Golb

New York County District Attorney's Office
http://manhattanda.org/whatsnew/press/2009-03-05.shtml

Manhattan District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau today announced the arrest of a 49-year-old man for creating multiple aliases to engage in a campaign of impersonation and harassment relating to the Dead Sea Scrolls and scholars of opposing viewpoints.

The defendant, RAPHAEL HAIM GOLB, was arrested on charges of identity theft, criminal impersonation, forgery, aggravated harassment, and the unauthorized use of a computer. The crimes in the Criminal Court Complaint occurred during the period of July to December of 2008. more...


PRESS ABOUT THE ARREST
Publication Author Title URL Date
Manhattan DA's Office News Release   http://manhattanda.org/whatsnew/press/2009-03-05.shtml Mar 5, 2009
Newsday Samuel Maull Dead Sea Scrolls scholar's son arrested in NY http://www.newsday.com/news/local/wire/newyork/ny-bc-ny--arrest-deadseascr0305mar05,0,4034633.story Mar 5, 2009
Jim West's Blog Jim West The Cargill Strikes Back http://jwest.wordpress.com/2009/03/05/the-cargill-strikes-back/ Mar 5, 2009
Washington Square News Sergio Hernandez NYU alumnus arrested on charges of impersonating NYU prof http://www.nyunews.com/news/university/nyu_alum_arrested_for_impersonating_nyu_prof-1.1598042 Mar 5, 2009
Thoughts on Antiquity Chris Weimer Charles Gadda/Raphael Golb Arrested! http://neonostalgia.com/weblog/?p=537 Mar 5, 2009
NY Times John Eligon Identity-Theft Arrest in Dispute Over Dead Sea Scrolls http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/06/nyregion/06scrolls.html?_r=1 Mar 5, 2009
New York Daily News Melissa Grace Dead Sea Scrolls stir cyberhoax: West Village attorney in forgery rap http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2009/03/05/2009-03-05_dead_sea_scrolls_stir_cyberhoax_west_vil-1.html Mar 5, 2009
National Post Adrian Humphreys 'Curse of the scrolls' http://www.nationalpost.com/story.html?id=1362889 Mar 5, 2009
Associated Press   Dead Sea Scrolls scholar's son arrested in US http://www.etaiwannews.com/etn/news_content.php?id=884804&lang=eng_news Mar 5, 2009
BBC News NY arrest in Dead Sea Scrolls row http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7927484.stm Mar 6, 2009
Jim West's Blog Jim West The Arrest of Raphael Golb http://jwest.wordpress.com/2009/03/06/the-arrest-of-raphael-golb/ Mar 6, 2009
Reuters Edith Honan Man charged with impersonating Dead Sea Scroll experts http://uk.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idUKTRE52503E20090306 Mar 6, 2009
Jerusalem Post Marilyn Henry Dead Sea Scrolls scholar's son harasses rival http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1236269357365&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Mar 6, 2009
Chronicle of Higher Education Steve Kolowich Harassment of Dead Sea Scroll Scholars Leads to Arrest of Professor's Son http://chronicle.com/daily/2009/03/13090n.htm Mar 6, 2009
Higgaion Chris Heard Online harassment and the Dead Sea scrolls http://www.heardworld.com/higgaion/?p=1214 Mar 6, 2009
Culture, Music, and Language Michael Carroll Identity Theft and Morons: Raphael and Norman Golb Seek the Dead Sea Scrolls http://culturemusiclanguage.wordpress.com/2009/03/06/identity-theft-and-morons/ Mar 6, 2009
National Post Chris Boutet Transcript: Q&A with Dr. Risa Levitt Kohn on Dead Sea Scrolls controversy http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/posted/archive/2009/03/06/transcript-q-amp-a-with-dr-risa-levitt-kohn-on-dead-sea-scrolls-controversy.aspx Mar 6, 2009
New York Post Laura Italiano 'Dead' Man Walking from Jail http://www.nypost.com/seven/03072009/news/regionalnews/dead_man_walking_from_jail_158382.htm Mar 7, 2009
Chicago Tribune Jodi S. Cohen U. of C. scholar's son charged with identity theft, harassment http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/content/education/chi-dead-sea-scam-07-mar07,0,6586030.story Mar 7, 2009
New York Post Ginger Adams Otis Parting 'Dead Sea': Mystery Web Gadfly May Be Scholar's Busted Son http://www.nypost.com/seven/03082009/news/nationalnews/parting_dead_sea_158606.htm Mar 8, 2009
Jim West's Blog Jim West Norman Golb's Shocking Excuse http://jwest.wordpress.com/2009/03/12/norman-golbs-shocking-excuse/ Mar 12, 2009
Chronicle of Higher Education Steve Kolowich Academic 'Cyberbully' Is Accused of Harassing Judaic Researchers http://chronicle.com/daily/2009/03/13632n.htm Mar 12, 2009
Mark Goodacre's NT Blog Mark Goodacre The Ethics and the Practicalities of Blogging in the wake of the Raphael Golb affair http://ntweblog.blogspot.com/2009/03/ethics-and-practicalities-of-blogging.html Mar 13, 2009
Ha'aretz Ofri Ilani Dead Sea Scrolls scholar defends son arrested for impersonating rival http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1070455.html Mar 13, 2009
Chicago Maroon Sara Jerome Dead Sea Scrolls Scandal http://www.chicagomaroon.com/2009/6/1/dead-sea-scrolls-scandal June 1, 2009
Newsday Associated Press Dead Sea Scrolls scholar's son indicted in NY http://www.newsday.com/news/local/wire/newyork/ny-bc-ny--deadseascrolls0611jun11,0,1859353.story June 11, 2009
New York Post Laura Italiano 'DEAD SEA SCAMMER' IN DEEP http://www.nypost.com/seven/06122009/news/regionalnews/dead_sea_scammer_in_deep_173828.htm June 12, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill new online legal tool helps you track criminal cases http://robertcargill.com/2009/07/28/new-online-legal-tool-helps-you-track-criminal-cases/ July 28, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill top 10 strangest cases of identity theft http://robertcargill.com/2009/09/06/top-10-strangest-cases-of-identity-theft/ Sept. 6, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill update in the new york vs. raphael golb identity theft case http://robertcargill.com/2009/09/24/update-in-the-new-york-vs-raphael-golb-identity-theft-case/ Sept. 24, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill 8 months later: bar finally ‘reports’ on the golb scandal http://robertcargill.com/2009/10/30/8-months-later-bar-finally-reports-on-the-golb-scandal/ Oct. 30, 2009
Associated Press   Lawyer claims parodies, pranks at risk in Dead Sea Scrolls case http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/news.aspx?id=22283 Nov 6, 2009
New York Times Jim Dwyer 2,000-Year-Old Scrolls, Internet-Era Crime http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/08/nyregion/08about.html Nov 6, 2009
Associated Press Jennifer Peltz NY case spotlights Dead Sea Scrolls, fake e-mail http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20091107/ap_on_re_us/us_dead_sea_scrolls Nov 7, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill on recent news about the ‘cloak and browser’ case against raphael golb http://robertcargill.com/2009/11/08/on-recent-news-about-the-cloak-and-browser-case-against-raphael-golb/ Nov. 8, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill update: golb’s motion to dismiss the charges against him available online http://robertcargill.com/2009/11/09/update-golbs-motion-to-dismiss-the-charges-against-him-available-online/ Nov. 9, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill new aliases popping up surrounding the criminal investigation of raphael golb http://robertcargill.com/2009/11/10/new-aliases-popping-up-surrounding-the-criminal-investigation-of-raphael-golb/ Nov. 10, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill oh... so you were just kidding this whole time http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/10/oh-so-you-were-just-kidding-this-whole-time/ Dec. 10, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill on false accusations of anti-semitism in the academy http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/15/on-false-accusations-of-anti-semitism-in-the-academy/ Dec. 15, 2009
Bible and Interpretation Robert R. Cargill On False Accusations of Anti-Semitism within the Academy http://www.bibleinterp.com/articles/false3141515.shtml Dec. 15, 2009
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill if you’re not guilty, why offer to plead guilty? http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/17/if-youre-not-guilty-why-offer-to-plead-guilty/ Jan 17, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill text of raphael golb’s police interview immediately following his arrest http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/17/text-of-raphael-golb-police-interview-immediately-following-his-arrest/ Jan 17, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill highlights from raphael golb’s initial police interview http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/18/highlights-from-raphael-golbs-initial-police-interview/ Jan 18, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill court documents say norman golb may have been involved in the raphael golb dead sea scrolls scandal http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/18/court-documents-say-norman-golb-may-have-been-involved-in-the-raphael-golb-dead-sea-scrolls-scandal/ Jan 18, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill details of raphael golb’s impersonation of lawrence schiffman http://robertcargill.com/2009/12/18/details-of-raphael-golbs-impersonation-of-lawrence-schiffman/ Jan 18, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill bombshell: ny da’s response to raphael golb’s motion to dismiss charges and suppress evidence http://robertcargill.com/2010/01/28/bombshell-ny-das-response-to-raphael-golbs-motion-to-dismiss-charges-and-suppress-evidence/ Jan 28, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill court docs detail raphael golb’s harassment of robert cargill http://robertcargill.com/2010/01/29/court-docs-detail-raphael-golbs-harassment-of-robert-cargill/ Jan 29, 2010
Inside Higher Ed   Quick Takes: New Twist in Dead Sea Scrolls Case http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2010/02/01/qt/new_twist_in_dead_sea_scrolls_case Feb 1, 2010
Chicago Maroon Ilana Kowarski E-mails in Scrolls case may implicate prof http://www.chicagomaroon.com/2010/2/16/e-mails-in-scrolls-case-may-implicate-prof Feb 16, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill chicago maroon: e-mails in dead sea scrolls case may implicate prof norman golb http://robertcargill.com/2010/02/16/chicago-maroon-e-mails-in-dead-sea-scrolls-case-may-implicate-prof-norman-golb/ Feb 16, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill denied! golb case heads to trial http://robertcargill.com/2010/02/25/denied-golb-case-heads-to-trial/ Feb 25, 2010

THE CHARGES AGAINST RAPHAEL GOLB (available at ecourts)
CHARGE
DATE
CHARGE
SUMMARY
VERDICT (Sept. 30, 2010)
1. 7/1/2008 - 12/31/2008 PL 190.79(3). Identity theft in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Assumed identity of Lawrence Schiffinan and committed/attempted to commit felony of Scheme to Defraud 1st Degree. (**TOP CHARGE**)
GUILTY
2. 7/1/2008 - 12/31/2008 PL 190.79(3). Identity theft in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Assumed identity of Lawrence Schiffinan and commited/attempted to commit felony of Falsifying Business Records 1st Degree
GUILTY
3. 8/1/2008 - 12/31/2008 PL 240.30(l)(a) Aggravated harassment in the second degree
(1 count)
Aggravated harassment of Dr. Lawrence Shiffman
GUILTY
4. 8/3/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Created larry.schiffman@gmail.com email account
Dismissed
5. 8/3/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Created larry.schiffman@gmail.com email account
GUILTY
6. 8/4/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffrnan@gmail.com to Dr. Schiffman's students
Dismissed
7. 8/4/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffrnan@gmail.com to Dr. Schiffman's students
GUILTY
8. 8/4/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffrnan@gmail.com to Dr. Schiffman's students
GUILTY
9. 8/5/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to multiple NYU email addresses
Dismissed
10. 8/5/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to multiple NYU email addresses
GUILTY
11. 8/5/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to multiple NYU email addresses
GUILTY
12. 8/5/2008

PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 Counts)

Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU Dean Stimpson
Dismissed
13. 8/5/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU Dean Stimpson
GUILTY
14. 8/5/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU Dean Stimpson
GUILTY
15. 8/5/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 Counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU provost
Dismissed
16. 8/5/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU provost
GUILTY
17. 8/5/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYU provost
GUILTY
18. 8/6/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 Counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYUNews.com, forwarding email from Provost office.
Dismissed
19. 8/6/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYUNews.com, forwarding email from Provost office.
GUILTY
20. 8/6/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from larry.schiffman@gmail.com to NYUNews.com, forwarding email from Provost office.
GUILTY
21. 11/22/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Created email account seidel.jonathan@gmail.com
Dismissed
22. 11/22/2008 PL 190.25(4) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Created email account seidel.jonathan@gmail.com
Dismissed
23. 11/22/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Created email account seidel.jonathan@gmail.com
GUILTY
24. 11/22/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Royal Ontario Museum (ROM)
Dismissed
25. 11/22/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Royal Ontario Museum (ROM)
GUILTY
26. 11/22/2008 PL 190.25(4) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Royal Ontario Museum (ROM)
Dismissed
27. 11/22/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Royal Ontario Museum (ROM)
GUILTY
28. 11/24/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Risa Kohn (ROM's curator for Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit)
Dismissed
29. 11/24/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Risa Kohn (ROM's curator for Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit)
GUILTY
30. 11/24/2008 PL 190.25(4) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Risa Kohn (ROM's curator for Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit)
Dismissed
31. 11/24/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com to Risa Kohn (ROM's curator for Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit)
GUILTY
32. 11/24/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Norman Golb
Dismissed
33. 11/24/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Norman Golb
GUILTY
34. 11/24/2008 PL 190.25(4) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Norman Golb
Dismissed
35. 11/24/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Norman Golb
GUILTY
36. 12/6/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Stephen Goranson internet post
Dismissed
37. 12/6/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Stephen Goranson internet post
GUILTY
38. 12/6/2008 PL 190.25(4) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(E-CLASS FELONY) (1 count)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Stephen Goranson internet post
Dismissed
39. 12/6/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from seidel.jonathan@gmail.com regarding Stephen Goranson internet post
GUILTY
40. 7/1/2008 - 12/31/2008 PL240.30(l)(a) Aggravated harassment in the second degree
(1 count)
Aggravated Harassment of Stephen Goranson
GUILTY
41. 8/7/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Created email account steve.goranson@gmail.com
Dismissed
42. 8/7/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Created email account steve.goranson@gmail.com
GUILTY
43. 7/20/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Created email account frank.cross2@gmail.com
Dismissed
44. 7/20/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Created email account frank.cross2@gmail.com
GUILTY
45. 7/20/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from frank.cross2@gmail.com regarding Bart Ehrman and the Jewish Museum
GUILTY
46. 7/20/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Sent email from frank.cross2@gmail.com regarding Bart Ehrman and the Jewish Museum
GUILTY
47. 7/20/2008 PL 170.05. Forgery in the third degree
(18 counts)
Sent email from frank.cross2@gmail.com regarding Bart Ehrman and the Jewish Museum
GUILTY
48. 6/1/2007 - 3/1/2009 PL 240.30(l)(a) Aggravated harassment in the second degree
(1 count)
Aggravated harassment of Robert Cargill
GUILTY
49. 6/15/2008 PL 190.78(2) Identity theft in the third degree
(21 counts)
Created email account gibson.jeffrey2@gmail.com
Dismissed
50. 6/15/2008 PL 190.25(1) Criminal impersonation in the second degree
(21 counts)
Created email account gibson.jeffrey2@gmail.com
ACQUITTED
51. 7/1/2008 - 3/1/2009 PL 156.05 Unauthorized use of a Computer
(1 count)
Unauthorized use of NYU computers to commit criminal offenses and otherwise in violation of NYU computer use policy
GUILTY

Legal Filings

As the trial proceedings progressed, Raphael Golb appeared to be taking advantage of the protected speech afforded him by the court process (witnesses cannot sue the defense for libelous, defamatory, and/or false claims made during the trial), and began making explicit, false claims against Dr. Lawrence Schiffman, whom he explicitly called a plagiarist, and Dr. Robert Cargill, whom he explicitly called anti-Semitic. Raphael Golb attempted to use his trial defense to put Dr. Schiffman on trial for plagiarism, as a referendum on his father's views on the Dead Sea Scrolls, and to further attack Dr. Cargill's character.

Below are the legal filings made by the prosecution and the defense.


LEGAL FILINGS
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA AFFIDAVIT IN SUPPORT OF A SEARCH WARRANT - WARRANT/ORDER SUPPORTED BY PROBABLE CAUSE http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/affidavit_support_search_warrant_jan12_golb.pdf Jan 12, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA GRAND JURY OF THE COUNTY OF NEW YORK INDICTMENT OF RAPHAEL GOLB http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/grand_jury_indictment_golb.pdf  
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA AFFIDAVIT IN SUPPORT OF AN APPLICATION FOR A SEARCH WARRANT http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/affidavit_support_application_search_warrant_mar2_golb.pdf Mar 2, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA EXHIBIT B: SUMMARY OF DEFENDANT'S VIDEO STATEMENT
http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/exhibit_b_summray_video_statement_golb.pdf Mar 5, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA EXHIBIT C: PEDIGREE INFORMATION AND MIRANDA WAIVER FORM
http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/exhibit_c_pedigree_miranda_golb.pdf Mar 5, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA EXHIBIT D: SEARCH WARRANT RECEIPT/INVENTORY FORMS http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/exhibit_d_search_inventory_golb.pdf Mar 5, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA AFFIDAVIT IN SUPPORT OF A SEARCH WARRANT - WARRANT/ORDER SUPPORTED BY PROBABLE CAUSE http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/affidavit_support_search_warrant_apr16_golb.pdf Apr 16, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA PEOPLE'S VOLUNTARY DISCLOSURE FORM http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/peoples_voluntary_disclosure_golb.pdf July 8, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA AFFIRMATION IN RESPONSE TO THE DEFENDANT'S OMNIBUS MOTION http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/affirmation_in_response_omnibus_golb.pdf Sept 23, 2009
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby MOTION TO DISMISS http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/golb_motion_to_dismiss.pdf Nov 7, 2009
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE - SEARCH WARRANTS OF JAN 12, MAR 2, AND APR 16, 2009 http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/motion_to_suppress_search_warrant_golb.pdf Dec 2, 2009
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/motion_to_suppress_evidence.pdf Dec 2, 2009
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby MOTION TO DISMISS COUNTS 3, 40, 48, and 51 http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/motion_to_dismiss_3_40_48_51.pdf Dec 2, 2009
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby REQUEST FOR CLARIFICATION ASKING WHETHER RAPHAEL GOLB MAY CREATE AND USE AN ALIAS TO RESPOND TO ROBERT CARGILL ANONYMOUSLY WITHOUT VIOLATING THE ORDER OF PROTECTION AGAINST HIM http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/golb_may_i_use_alias_to_talk_about_cargill.pdf Dec 2, 2009
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA AFFIRMATION IN RESPONSE TO THE DEFENDANT'S MOTIONS TO DISMISS, MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE RECOVERED VIA SEARCH WARRANT, AND REQUEST FOR AN ADVISORY OPINION http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/nyda_response_to_golb_motion_to_dismiss.pdf Jan 19, 2010
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA EXHIBIT B: SUMMARY OF COUNTS CHARGED BY INDICTMENT 2721/2009 http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/summary_of_counts_golb.pdf Jan 19, 2010
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA EXHIBIT C: SUMMARY OF, AND EXCERPTS OF, CERTAIN EMAIL COMMUNICATIONS http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/exhibit_c_summray_excerpts_email_golb.pdf Jan 19, 2010
Law Offices of Kuby and Breitbart Ron Kuby DEFENDANT'S REPLY MEMORANDUM (TO THE NY DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S RESPONSE TO THE DEFENSE'S MOTIONS TO DISMISS AND SUPPRESS EVIDENCE) http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/golb_reply_response_motion_dismiss.pdf Jan 26, 2010
New York District Attorney's Office NYDA ORDER OF PROTECTION (RESTRAINING ORDER) AGAINST RAPHAEL GOLB PROTECTING DR. ROBERT CARGILL http://www.bobcargill.com/Gadda/op_golb_1-27-2010.jpg Jan 27, 2010

New Alias Activity After the Arrest of Raphael Golb

Immediately after the arrest of Raphael Golb, all alias activity stopped...at least for a while. Gradually, as Raphael Golb began to prepare his defense, new aliases began to pop up online. Aliases like 'fitter' and 'meow' began to appear on FRDB and make legal arguements in defense of Raphael Golb. Elsewhere, Raphael Golb began leaking the contents of his defense filings (like motions to dismiss the charges against him and motions to suppress the evidence collected) by posting them to an anonymous blog (http://scrollmotions.wordpress.com). Note that only the defense's motions were posted there.

As the trial proceedings progressed, the press began to report on the case again.


Involvement of Other Golb Family Members

According to legal filings by the New York District Attorney's office, there is email evidence that demonstrates that Raphael Golb's father, University of Chicago Oriental Institute historian Dr. Norman Golb, as well as Raphael Golb's brother, Joel, may have been involved in the smear campaign. The evidence was gathered from emails obtained from computers siezed during a police search of Raphael Golb's New York City appartment. The publicly accessible 'Affidavit in Support of an Application for a Search Warrant' contains a section entitled 'Potential Involvement of Others' (§72-81, p. 20-21) that offers evidence in the form of emails sent between father and son that show that Dr. Norman Golb and his sons discussed:

There is also evidence suggesting that Raphael Golb's online activities, which were designed to attract media attention and solicit inquiries by journalists, were directed back to Dr. Norman Golb at the University of Chicago. An excerpt of the document reads as follows:

POTENTIAL INVOLVEMENT OF OTHERS

72. Because I request that the search warrant authorize the search for evidence involving potential accomplices or co-conspirators, I provide the following facts in support of this request.

73. As indicated previously, bank records indicate that Raphael Golb received payments from Dr. Norman Golb. It is not known what the payments were for. The father-son relationship means that there are many innocent explanations for these payments.

74. Email records of certain alias email accounts associated with Raphael Golb indicate communication with Joel Golb (his brother) and Norman Golb (his father).

75. For example, a June 17, 2008 email between j.friedman47@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) and j.golb@snafu.de (the Germany email account of Joel Golb) indicates discussion about the use of proxies,10 and discusses a Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit that was opening in North Carolina.

10 The use of an internet proxy is a method of disguising one's IP address.

76. Another example is a November 4, 2007 email between robertdworkin@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) and j.golb@snafu.de (the Germany email account of Joel Golb) which contains discussion about an outline to use concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls, with the subject "scrap last outline—use this instead (dad phoned with some suggestions)". Since Norman Golb is the father of both Joel Golb and Raphael Golb, this email implies that Norman Golb called Joel Golb, gave suggestions to the outline, which Joel Golb passed on to Raphael Golb in this email. This also implies that both Joel Golb and Norman Golb know that Raphael Golb is using at least some internet aliases.11

11 Again, this affidavit does not imply that the mere use of internet aliases constitutes a criminal offense.

77. Another example is a January 18, 2008 email between robertdworkin@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) and j.golb@snafu.de (the Germany email account of Joel Golb) which discusses keeping emails anonymous and untraceable, and some confusion about which alias will be used to send emails from NYU computers.

78. There is email correspondence between Raphael Golb's alias accounts and Dr. Golb, however it never overtly acknowledges a partnership. However Raphael Golb alias accounts have forwarded to Dr. Norman Golb email exchanges that the alias account (or another alias account) had with third parties.

79. For example, on August 15, 2007, email account robert.dwokin@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) sent email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb) an email that forwarded a communication between robertdworkin@gmail.com and an employee at the LA Times concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls. A search of the internet, including Dr. Norman Golb's faculty webpage, indicates that n-golb@uchicago.edu is Dr. Norman Golb's email account.

80. On March 31, 2008, email account joshua.reznick@yahoo.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) sent three successive emails to email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb). These three successive emails appear to be revisions of the prior emails, and while formal in tone, the successive emails do not reference the preceding emails. In otherwords, if they did not know each other well, one would expect some sort of acknowledgment or apology for sending successive similar emails. These March 31, 2008 emails invite Dr. Norman Golb to correspond with the individual that email account joshua.reznick@yahoo.com had been corresponding with, and includes a copy of the prior correspondence.

81. On July 15, 2008, email account j.friedman47@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) sent email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb) an email that forwarded a communication between jerome.cooper2@gmail.com (another alias of Raphael Golb) and a professor at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. This email pertained to the Dead Sea Scrolls.


The emails described in the 'Affidavit in Support of an Application for a Search Warrant' are detailed in the form of transcripts in the District Attorney's January 19, 2010 'Affirmation in Response to the Defendant's Motions to Dismiss, Motion to Suppress Evidence Recovered via Search Warrant, and Request for and Advisory Opinion.' The emails suggest that Dr. Norman Golb not only knew about his son's online activities, but that he alsomay have participated in the campaign against other scholars by coordinating the publishing of his materials on the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute website, coodrinating language and timing of letters and emails to others, and by providing talking points via phone and email to his sons. Court documents show that Dr. Norman Golb's other son, Joel, as well as Dr. Norman Golb's wife, Ruth, also discussed Raphael Golb's online activities. The transcripts suggest that Dr. Norman Golb went so far as to use his wife, Ruth's, email account to disguise his involvement in the event that his email was ever compromised.

Highlights from the document below include:

"By the way, if Dad has some comment on the latest Charles Gadda exchange, he can send it through your email, that way there would be no trace of it in his account." - Raphael Golb
"...they know Gadda is Golb's son, meaning they are faced with a dedicated, in-the-know adversary who is out to get them, and there's simply nothing they can do about it." - Raphael Golb
"we can't send via Dad's email so we'll send via mine" - Ruth Golb (Norman Golb's Wife, Raphael Golb's Mother)
"Dad thinks that if Crawford was invited it's because she's Frank Cross's student and someone must have been in back of it since she's the least competent of all of them." - Ruth Golb
"... Mom and I also found of interest the latest item you sent us, i.e. the one from the writer living in Raleigh (or thereabouts). The recent blogs by Dworkin et al. are obviously having effect," - Norman Golb
"Schiffman is such a sleaze and behaves as though he has nothing to fear -this makes sense to me. Love, Mom" - Ruth Golb
"Would you like me to inform them using an alias, or do you prefer to contact them yourself?" - Raphael Golb in email to Norman Golb

"your contribution was posted 2 minutes after my own posting--wouldn't it have been better to wait a while to avoid the impression that we are collaborating or are indeed one and the same person?" - Joel Golb to Raphael Golb

"I really don't think I ruined anything by coming on -- the tone of my thing was quite different from yours, along with links. It's part of Gadda's persona to always come on late at night with jabs at these people, quoting the New York Times and similar sources. Why shouldn't he have picked up on Ignorant Gnostic's statement?" - Raphael Golb in response to Joel Golb

"... So I think Dworkin should be extremely careful to make sure the mail is totally untraceable--even going so far as to mail from an internet cafe--and it might actually be time in the next few weeks to simply throw out his old computer and replace it with one of those extremely inexpensive PCs one can now get..." - Joel Golb to Raphael Golb alias "Robert Dworkin"

AFFIRMATION IN RESPONSE TO THE DEFENDANT'S MOTIONS TO DISMISS, MOTION TO SUPPRESS EVIDENCE RECOVERED VIA SEARCH WARRANT, AND REQUEST FOR AN ADVISORY OPINION

 

EXHIBIT C

Summary of, and Excerpts of, Certain Email Communications

These emails are provided to help demonstrate defendant's intent and motive.

EMAILS BETWEEN THE GOLBS CONCERNING THE UPCOMING JEWISH MUSEUM EXHIBIT, THAT ASSIST IN DEMONSTRATING DEFENDANT'S INTENT AND MOTIVE REGARDING HIS SUBSEQUENT IMPERSONATION OF DR. SCHIFFMAN

On July 24, 2008 at 11:57 PM Raphael Golb (raphael.g@mindspring.com) wrote to Ruth Golb (ruthgolb@gmail.com), his mother:

... I saw Dan F. today. Unfortunately, he's probably not going to be able to accomplish anything [at the Jewish Museum]... Thus, he has no influence over them. He does, however, know the curator (Susan Braunstein), and will speak to her about it (but she might be on vacation). She will probably resist, however, and then he will be able to do nothing.

This makes it all the more important that Dad try and do something about this via Benny Kedar. There is no shame in asking to see the list of lecturers ("Look, I don't want to tell you who to invite and not to invite, but I would be curious to see who you have invited") and pointing out that they could have had the courtesy to invite him, after everything he has done to help them improve the exhibits.

By the way, if Dad has some comment on the latest Charles Gadda exchange, he can send it through your email, that way there would be no trace of it in his account. [emphasis added]

Raph

On July 26, 2008, Raphael Golb (raphael.g@mindspring.com) wrote:

... what must be truly maddening to them is that they know Gadda is Golb's son, meaning they are faced with a dedicated, in-the-know adversary who is out to get them, and there's simply nothing they can do about it. I believe the blogging campaign has put pressure on them and possibly contributed to what we are seeing now with the Jewish Museum. [emphasis added]

On July 28, 2008, at 9:32am, Raphael Golb (raphael.g@mindspring.com) emailed Dr. Norman Golb (n-golb@uchicago.edu) a link to a Nowpublic blog by Gadda concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit at the Jewish Museum, with subject "new nowpublic item on new york exhibit" and text "Dad -- there's a new article out by Gadda -- http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/dead-sea-scrolls-coming-new-york"

On July 28, 2008, at 2:56pm, Ruth Golb emailed Raphael Golb and indicated "we can't send via Dad's email so we'll send via mine"

On July 30, 2008, at 2:08pm, Raphael Golb emailed his family with a proposed email to be sent to Susan Braunstein, curator of the Jewish Museum.

On Wed, Jul 30, 2008 at 2:08 PM, wrote:
Mom, Dad, Joel,
how about this:
Dear Ms. Braunstein,
I am the son of Norman Golb (author of Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls?).
I live in New York, and I have heard that an exhibit of the scrolls will soon be opening at the Jewish Museum. If you can spare a moment one afternoon, I would greatly appreciate having the opportunity to meet you; I have some information on recent developments that could be of interest to you. Raphael Golb, Ph.D.

On July 30,2008, at 3:16pm, Ruth Golb responded:

"No, no, no for a few reasons. But let Dad write to B. K. tomorrow. " [indicating Benny Kedar]

On July 30, 2008, at 3:46pm, Raphael Golb responded:

Okay, but we are very quickly running out of time on this one. [emphasis added] New York is far away from Jerusalem and I suspect it is not a primary concern of Benny Kedar's. Incidentally, is Dad on good terms with anyone at the Jewish Theological Seminary?

In Dad's letter, he should perhaps point out that the Jewish Museum is one of Judaism's most prominent cultural institutions (hinting that its reputation is at stake), and ask if Katz will be taking steps to ensure that the decisions taken at the meeting will be concretely applied to the exhibit there.

On July 30, 2008, at 4:07pm, Raphael Golb wrote to Ruth Golb:[,]

I just called Dan about this and he immediately said there was no way Braunstein would ever meet with me, because she's a "big shot." He insisted that she must indeed be "au courant" because she is very clever, and that nothing he tells her will make any difference anyway because she will simply do what she wants. (Meanwhile, she has not returned his calls, because she must be busy setting up the exhibit and she probably assumes that he is just calling her for social reasons.)

My conclusion: the only way of getting through to her would be to directly inform her of the meeting. Ideally, Benny Kedar would call her himself, but again, I can understand Dad's reluctance to be pushy. The only realistic possibility is for Kedar to instruct Katz to call Braunstein with a request that the additional information be added to the exhibit.

On July 30, 2008, at 6:18pm, Raphael Golb wrote to Ruth Golb:

I just spoke with Dan R; I could tell that basically he didn't have the courage to ask Braunstein to invite Dad; he kept suggesting that I come to the lectures and ask questions afterwards to rebut the speakers; when I explained why that wouldn't work, he suggested that Dad himself show up at Schiffman's lecture (at Dan F.'s expense, hotel and everything); when I explained why Dad wouldn't do that, he suggested that Dad write to Braunstein, pointing out that the speakers are not balanced and that he would be willing to give a talk at his own expense to rebut them...

On July 30, 2008, at 9:04pm, Ruth Golb wrote Raphael Golb:

Dad thinks that if Crawford was invited it's because she's Frank Cross's student and someone must have been in back of it since she's the least competent of all of them.

Now, if Dad is to use the Schiffman thing, he needs the exact quote of Schiffman's and page number. Dad doesn't have a copy of the book here.

The following email thread indicates the Golbs' interest in who was speaking at the Jewish Museum, and refers to the fact that Dr. Schuller and Dr. Crawford were both students of Dr. Frank Cross.

On July 31, 2008 Raphael Golb wrote Ruth Golb and wrote:

I doubt if this has anything to do with Cross -- it could easily have come from the usual Katz recommended list, and simply result from the fact that Braunstein is a woman and that the idea of the lecture ("Women at Qumran") seemed interesting and different to her -- something that would interest the audience.

On July 31, 2008, Ruth Golb wrote to Raphael Golb:

Poor Dan. He means well, but the politics of this is beyond him. His suggestions would not be appropriate, of course. Dad thinks that if Crawford was invited it's because she's Frank Cross's student and someone must have been in back of it since she's the least competent of all of them. Now, if Dad is to use the Schiffman thing, he needs the exact quote of Schiffman's and page number. Dad doesn't have a copy of the book here.
Mom

On August 05, 2008, 12:39am, Raphael Golb Wrote to Norman Golb under subject "schuller -- harvard":

Ph.d. Harvard, student of Cross just like the other one.

On August 06, 2008, 7:06pm, Raphael Golb wrote to Norman Golb:

Dad -- You will be amused to learn that the announcement of Schuller's lecture has disappeared from the Jewish Museum website, at least for now. I have a feeling they have decided to try and keep it a secret for as long as possible...
Raph

On August 10, 2008, at 1:10am, Norman Golb wrote to Raphael Golb:

... Mom and I also found of interest the latest item you sent us, i.e. the one from the writer living in Raleigh (or thereabouts). The recent blogs by Dworkin et al. are obviously having effect,

On August 10, 2008, 1:32am, Raphael Golb wrote to Norman Golb:

... Would you like me to inform them using an alias, or do you prefer to contact them yourself? I'm sure they will ignore this anyway (perhaps not Orion, but the others certainly will).

On August 4, 2008, Raphael Golb wrote (apparently to Ruth Golb):

I was wrong in my assumption about the woman lecturer -- it is Eileen Marie Schuller, Professor, Department of Religious Studies, McMaster University -- no doubt just as bad as the other one, but nonetheless not the same.
...
Raph

On Mon, Aug 11, 2008 Ruth Golb wrote to Raphael Golb:

Hi Raph, Dad is still sleeping but I think you're on to something here. Schiffman is such a sleaze and behaves as though he has nothing to fear -this makes sense to me.
Love,
Mom ...

On August 14, 2008, Raphael Golb wrote to Ruth Golb:

Okay -- we absolutely need to speak on the phone before Dad gives his lecture. Weston Fields responded to Friedman with a "thank you very much for this information!" note. I have a hunch Fields and Broshi might try and set him up, with people here and there in the audience shouting out things like "why don't you write a Nowpublic article on that, or will you have your son do it for you?" to try and rattle him. He needs to be very seriously prepared for that sort of thing -- he should write down a few notes on what to say if that should happen, and bring them along with the text of the lecture so that he doesn't feel caught off guard. (Possible responses: "you think I care about internet junk? I don't know which of my sons you're referring to, but they both have jobs, and if they chat on-line, they're entitled to their opinion. now are you going to keep interrupting my talk, or can we go on?") He must also prepare himself for a more "scientific" set up, people here and there in the audience attempting to point out every little weakness they can find.

EMAILS AMONG THE GOLBS THAT DEMONSTRATE COORDINATION OF DEFENDANT'S SOCK PUPPET ACTIVITIES AND MAINTAINING ANONYMITY, WHICH ASSIST IN DEMONSTRATING DEFENDANT'S INTENT AND MOTIVE

On July 2, 2008, Golb/Gadda alias Jesse Friedman wrote to Joel Golb (j.golb@snafu.de)

I am sorry -- I forgot to "activate" the phillipcoleman@yahoo.com account yesterday -- mea culpa. Try again on the site, I think it will work now. Phillip_Coleman.

Where they ask you for your city and phone number, try Philadelphia, 19134 is zipcode and invent a phone number -- area code is 215. You can always be on vacation if they inquire (but so far none of my aliases have received the slightest hint of attention).

http://www.newsobserver.com/news/story/1123440.html

You should also try posting on the other site again. The woman has returned from vacation, and look how she has updated her original posting! -- with a quote from the latest comment by "Dead Sea Scrolls student"...

http ://blog.news-record.com/staff/frontpew/archives/2008/06/dead_sea_scroll.shtml

On August 3, 2007, defendant (using personal email account raphael.g@mindspring.com) emailed Joel Golb and wrote:

I see you called--was at the library all day--Gadda has now published a definitive attack against these people--please let me know if you see any typos, etc., I will pass the info on to him if I see him--

http://www.nowpublic.com/christian_fundamentalism_and_dead_sea_scrolls_san_diego

On Jul 25, 2008, 5:54am, Joel Golb wrote to Raphael Golb:

your contribution was posted 2 minutes after my own posting--wouldn't it have been better to wait a while to avoid the impression that we are collaborating or are indeed one and the same person? You want me to help on this--then please preserve Gnostic's outward integrity as an independent contributor

On July 25, 2008, 11:27am, Raphael Golb wrote to Joel Golb:

Relax -- it would have been unusual if I hadn't posted anything -- they would have started insinuating I was using another alias.

2 minutes -- actually it was more like an hour or two, but if it says 2 minutes that's good -- how can I be in two places at the same time?

On July 25, 2008, 4:58pm, Raphael Golb wrote to Joel Golb:

I'm just getting home from stuff. From your exchange with Dad, I see that he apparently didn't get my other emails which would explain why he never got back to me.

I really don't think I ruined anything by coming on -- the tone of my thing was quite different from yours, along with links. It's part of Gadda's persona to always come on late at night with jabs at these people, quoting the New York Times and similar sources. Why shouldn't he have picked up on Ignorant Gnostic's statement?

The following emails further demonstrate the coordination between Raphael and Joel Golb, and confusion about the volume of anonymous blogs:

On September 17, 2008, 12:55pm, Joel Golb emailed Raphael Golb:

there has been a new comment added to the Now Public site....

Raphael Golb responded with:

which article, the plagiarism thing? let them fight it out, whether someone plagiarized dad isn't my concern, i am focused on the institutional problem, i'm around now if you can call.

On Sep 18, 2008, at 2:43am, Joel Golb wrote to Raphael Golb:

the Now Public article

On September 18, 2008, 2:45am, Raphael Golb responded to Joel Golb and stated:

look, i don't know which article you're talking about, there are nine of them -- just give me a call, i need to tell you something anyway

A June 17, 2008 email from j.friedman47@gmail.com (a Golb/Gadda alias) to j.golb@snafu.de (the email account of Joel Golb in Germany) indicates discussion about the use of proxies, and discusses a Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit that was opening in North Carolina. The use of an internet proxy is a method of disguising one's internet protocol address, the identifier that indicates which computer is accessing a computer at a given place and time.

"they are clearly accepting messages submitted through proxies, it must be some kind of glitch in their system -- we are now up to 17 comments (see latest by sandy greenberg and martin elderling)..."

A November 4, 2007 email between robertdworkin@gmail.com (a Golb/Gadda alias) and j.golb@snafu.de (the email account of Joel Golb) contains discussion about an outline to use concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls, with the subject "scrap last outline--use this instead (dad phoned with some suggestions)". This email implies that Norman Golb called Joel Golb, gave suggestions to the outline, which Joel Golb passed on to Raphael Golb in this email. This also implies that both Joel Golb and Norman Golb know that Raphael Golb is using at least some internet aliases.

A January 18, 2008 email between robertdworkin@gmail.com (an alias of Raphael Golb) and j.golb@snafu.de (the email account of Joel Golb) discusses keeping emails anonymous and untraceable, and some confusion about which alias will be used to send emails from NYU computers.

Subject: Re: revised version
Date: Sat, 19 Jan 2008 05:38:23 +0100
From: Joel Golb <j.golb@snafu.de>
To: robert dworkin <robertdworkin@gmail.com>

.... So I think Dworkin should be extremely careful to make sure the mail is totally untraceable--even going so far as to mail from an internet cafe--and it might actually be time in the next few weeks to simply throw out his old computer and replace it with one of those extremely inexpensive PCs one can now get...

There is email correspondence between Raphael Golb's alias accounts and Dr. Golb, however it never overtly acknowledges a partnership. However Raphael Golb alias accounts have forwarded to Dr. Norman Golb email exchanges that the alias account (or another alias account) had with third parties. For example:

On August 15, 2007, email account robert.dwokin@gmail.com (a Golb/Gadda alias) sent email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb) an email that forwarded a communication between robertdworkin@gmail.com and an employee at the LA Times concerning the Dead Sea Scrolls.

On March 31, 2008, email account joshua.reznick@yahoo.com (a Golb/Gadda alias) sent three successive emails to email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb). These three successive emails appear to be revisions of the prior emails, and while formal in tone, the successive emails do not reference the preceding emails. In other words, if they did not know each other well, one would expect some sort of acknowledgment or apology for sending successive similar emails. These March 31, 2008 emails invite Dr. Norman Golb to correspond with the individual that email account joshua.reznick@yahoo.com had been corresponding with, and includes a copy of the prior correspondence. It is reasonable to infer that the successive emails represent successive revisions, with the final version being what Dr. Norman Golb would show to the person that the Golb/Gadda had been corresponding with.

On July 15, 2008, email account j.friedman47@gmail.com (a Golb/Gadda alias) sent email account n-golb@uchicago.edu (email account of Dr. Norman Golb) an email that forwarded a communication between jerome.cooper2@gmail.com (another alias of Raphael Golb) and a professor at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill regarding the Dead Sea Scrolls.

On December 16,2008, defendant (using email address raphael.g@mindspring.com) emailed Dr. Golb (at n-golb@uchicago.edu) under the subject line "Canadian Jewish academic site links museum controversy"

http://www.cijr.com/Israzine/israzine_Home.htm

You will see that they make a mistake (referring to you several times as "Norman Golb and Ludwig Rosenberger") to which I believe someone has alerted them in case they can (or desire) to change it. Nonetheless, this arguably puts greater pressure on the museum. Notice that they have also linked one of Gadda's articles

 

Based upon the emails described in the 'Affidavit in Support of an Application for a Search Warrant, which are detailed in the District Attorney's January 19, 2010 'Affirmation in Response to the Defendant's Motions to Dismiss, Motion to Suppress Evidence Recovered via Search Warrant, and Request for and Advisory Opinion,' the evidence demonstrates that Dr. Norman Golb not only knew about his son's online activities, but appears to have also participated in the campaign against other scholars by coordinating the publishing of his materials on the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute website with his sons' activities, coodrinating language and timing of letters and emails to others with his sons' activities, and by providing talking points via phone and email to his sons for use in their online campaign. Instructions from Raphael Golb including, "By the way, if Dad has some comment on the latest Charles Gadda exchange, he can send it through your email, that way there would be no trace of it in his account," along with written confirmation from Ruth Golb's email account stating, "we can't send via Dad's email so we'll send via mine," appear to indicate a deliberate attempt to disguise the true nature of Dr. Norman Golb's involvement in the campaign.

Thus, while Dr. Norman Golb may not have known about Raphael Golb's impersonation of other scholars, including Dr. Larry Schiffman, Dr. Stephen Goranson, Dr. Frank Moore Cross, and Dr. Jonathan Seidel, the evidence does suggest that Dr. Norman Golb knew about and participated in the activities that may have contributed to the aggravated harassment charges against Dr. Schiffman (Count 3), Dr. Goranson (Count 40), and Dr. Robert Cargill (Count 48).


PRE-TRIAL NEWS
New York Daily News Melissa Grace Manhattan lawyer Raphael Golb charged with impersonating Dead Sea Scrolls expert rejects plea offer http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2010/08/06/2010-08-06_manhattan_lawyer_raphael_golb_charged_with_impersonating_dead_sea_scrolls_reject.html Aug. 6, 2010
New York Post Laura Italiano Accused Dead Sea Scrolls identity thief rejects plea deal, plans trial http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/accused_dead_trial_scrolls_identity_EGuHNd1T8NVwbZlU5L1oOJ Aug. 6, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill to trial we go: golb formally refuses plea bargain http://robertcargill.com/2010/08/06/to-trial-we-go-golb-formally-refuses-plea-bargain/ Aug. 6, 2010

Raphael Golb in New York Supreme Court - Criminal Division Raphael Golb and his father Norman Golb Raphael Golb in New York Supreme Court - Criminal Division

Video excerpts from Raphael Golb's initial police interview following his March 5, 2009 arrest.

  • Note the 1:40 mark, when Raphael Golb laughs at the idea and denies ever attempting to be Dr. Schiffman.
  • Note the 1:53 mark, when Raphael Golb denies ever opening an email account in the name of Dr. Schiffman.
  • Note the 1:58 mark, when Raphael Golb denies ever sending emails pretending to be Dr. Schiffman.
  • Note the 2:03 mark, when Raphael Golb denies authoring a blog that accused Dr. Schiffman of plagiarism.
  • Note the 3:01 mark, when Raphael Golb denies opening an email account in a name that sounds like Dr. Schiffman's.
  • Note the 3:25 mark, when Raphael Golb denies opening the email account larry.schiffman@gmail.com.
  • Note the 3:35 mark, when Raphael Golb continues to chastise one of his victims, Dr. Goranson, whom he was later charged with impersonating and harassing.
  • Note the 5:27 mark, when Raphael Golb refuses to admit that he authored material on the internet using the alias "Charles Gadda."

The man behind the green curtain, Raphael Golb.


THE TRIAL OF RAPHAEL GOLB
New York Post David Li Dead Sea Scrolls 'cyber bully' claims he had right to fight dirty http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/dead_sea_scrolls_cyber_bully_claims_H5QhLJNDHVpnpjH7BBE7MO Sept. 14, 2010
Greed Watcher David Bar Nahum Is it Criminal? The Trial of Raphael Golb Begins http://www.greedwatcher.com/2010/09/is-it-criminal-trial-of-raphael-golb.html Sept. 14, 2010
Associated Press   Dead Sea Scrolls Debate Spurs NY Criminal Trial http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2010/09/14/us/AP-US-Dead-Sea-Scrolls.html?_r=2&ref=us Sept. 14, 2010
Chronicle of Higher Education   Trial Begins in Cyberbullying Case Over Dead Sea Scrolls http://chronicle.com/blogPost/Trial-Begins-in-Cyberbullying/26923/ Sept. 14, 2010
New York Daily News Melissa Grace Dead Sea Scrolls scholar impersonator Raphael Golb says NYU Prof. Lawrence Schiffman is a plagiarist http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2010/09/15/2010-09-15_fire_and_brimstone_in_dead_sea_scrolls_trial.html Sept. 15, 2010
New York Post David Li Scholar says he never ripped off Dead Sea Scrolls 'bully' http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/scholar_says_he_never_ripped_off_8CNm9lpVrM9cUQOVMnBjbK Sept. 16, 2010
Telegraph.co.uk Nick Allen Dead Sea Scrolls dispute comes to New York court http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/8009475/Dead-Sea-Scrolls-dispute-comes-to-New-York-court.html Sept. 17, 2010
Sulekha.com   Raphael Golb Pictures & Photos http://newshopper.sulekha.com/raphael-golb_photo_1530191.htm Sept. 27, 2010
Chronicle of Higher Education   Accused Cyberbully Says He Used Professor's Name but Did Nothing Illegal https://chronicle.com/blogPost/Accused-Cyberbully-Says-He/27235/ Sept. 27, 2010
DNA Info Shayna Jacobs Alleged 'Cyber-Bully' Takes Stand in 'Dead Sea Scrolls' Identity Theft Trial http://www.dnainfo.com/20100927/greenwich-village-soho/alleged-cyberbully-takes-stand-dead-sea-scrolls-identity-theft-trial Sept. 27, 2010
New York Times John Eligon A Trial on Identity Theft, With Scholarly Discourse http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/28/nyregion/28scrolls.html?_r=2 Sept. 27, 2010
Associated Press Colleen Long Son accused of impersonating professor in NY Dead Sea Scrolls case says actions not criminal http://www.sfexaminer.com/nation/man-accused-of-impersonating-prof-in-ny-dead-sea-scrolls-case-testifies-hes-not-materialistic-103878428.html Sept. 27, 2010
New York Daily News Oren Yaniv My Internet smear campaign was satire, says lawyer accused of impersonating Dead Sea scholar http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/2010/09/28/2010-09-28_my_smear_campaign_a_parody_atty_says.html?r=news Sept. 28, 2010
New York Post David Li and Dareh Gregorian Dead Sea-rious son: Defending Scroll dad vs. rivals http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/dead_sea_rious_son_w3KlQWCwOoDczmgcCrsJBJ?CMP=OTC-rss&FEEDNAME= Sept. 28, 2010
Gothamist Jen Chung When You Defend Dad's Dead Sea Scrolls Theory Too Passionately http://gothamist.com/2010/09/28/overzealous_defense_of_dads_dead_se.php Sept. 28, 2010
Associated Press Colleen Long Att'y: Son in NY Dead Sea Scroll case not criminal http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gznCOrQo0Iw8H1s_BUyqyDXHcO8AD9IH6SRG2?docId=D9IH6SRG2 Sept. 28, 2010
DNA Info Shayna Jacobs Alleged Dead Sea Scrolls 'Cyber-Bully' Says He Lied to Authorities to Avoid Being Sued http://www.dnainfo.com/20100928/greenwich-village-soho/alleged-dead-sea-scrolls-cyberbully-says-he-lied-authorities-avoid-being-sued Sept. 28, 2010
NYU Local Melvin Felix ‘Academic Crusader’ Charged For Impersonating NYU Professor http://nyulocal.com/on-campus/2010/09/29/academic-crusader-charged-for-impersonating-nyu-professor/ Sept. 29, 2010
Associated Press Closings in NYC dead sea scrolls case; Prosecutor says academics shouldn't confuse evidence http://www.therepublic.com/view/story/545da2cc739a449d900080312974be64/US--Dead_Sea_Scrolls/ Sept. 30, 2010
Associated Press Colleen Long NY jurors get ID theft case tied to ancient texts http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gznCOrQo0Iw8H1s_BUyqyDXHcO8AD9IIFE782?docId=D9IIFE782 Sept. 30, 2010
Associated Press Colleen Long NY lawyer convicted in Dead Sea Scrolls case http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100930/ap_on_re_us/us_dead_sea_scrolls Sept. 30, 2010
robertcargill.com Robert R. Cargill DR. GOLB FOUND GUILTY! – New York Criminal Court Finds Golb Guilty of Multiple Counts of Identity Theft, Forgery, Criminal Impersonation, Aggravated Harassment http://robertcargill.com/2010/09/30/dr-golb-found-guilty/ Sept. 30, 2010
New York Post Laura Italiano and David K. Li Jury finds Dead Sea scammer guilty http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/jury_finds_dead_sea_scammer_found_CzKmfd6L1xONHyt84iSt9K Sept. 30, 2010
DNA Info Shayna Jacobs Alleged Dead Sea Scrolls Cyber-Bully Guilty on 30 Counts, Jury Says http://www.dnainfo.com/20100930/greenwich-village-soho/alleged-dead-sea-scrolls-cyberbully-guilty-on-30-counts-jury-says Sept. 30, 2010
Chronicle of Higher Education Peter Schmidt Cyberbully Is Found Guilty on Multiple Counts in Dead Sea Scrolls Case http://chronicle.com/article/Cyberbully-Is-Found-Guilty-on/124762/ Sept. 30, 2010
New York Times John Eligon Son of Dead Sea Scrolls Expert Is Convicted http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/01/nyregion/01scrolls.html?_r=1&partner=rss&emc=rss Sept. 30, 2010
Manhattan DA's Office Press Announcement DISTRICT ATTORNEY VANCE ANNOUNCES CONVICTION IN DEAD SEA SCROLLS CASE http://www.manhattanda.org/whatsnew/press/2010-09-30c.shtml Sept. 30, 2010
New York Post David K. Li Dead Sea Scroll son a sinner http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/manhattan/dead_sea_scroll_son_sinner_4tzEPWhRYv6LPJFDvm86mJ Oct. 1, 2010
New York Daily News Melissa Grace Manhattan lawyer Raphael Golb convicted of impersonating, harassing NYU Dead Sea Scrolls professor http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/2010/10/01/2010-10-01_dead_sea_troll_is_convicted_for_impersonating_nyu_prof.html Oct. 1, 2010

The Verdict: Who Is Charles Gadda?

On Tuesday, September 28, 2010, Raphael Golb, testifying as the sole witness in his own defense, admitted to Assistant District Attorney John Bandler that he was, in fact, the alias "Charles Gadda." Contrary to his earlier testimony to police following his March 5, 2010 arrest, where he stated he had nothing to do with criticism of Dr. Larwence Schiffman, Golb admitted that he created the larry.schiffman@gmail.com and other email addresses and used them to send emails to NYU faculty, staff, students, and administrators. Norman Golb had previously admitted that his son, Raphael, was alias "Charles Gadda", the overwhelming evidence proved it, and in the end, Raphael Golb finally admitted it.

On September 30, 2010, Raphael Golb was found guilty of multiple counts of identity theft, forgery, criminal impersonation, and aggravated harassment.

Dr. Golb is scheduled to be sentenced November 18, 2010.


*
note new comments on article.
**
new articles